Matching is not an Emergent Property of the Operant Reserve Open Access

Berg, John Peder (2009)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/rx913q511?locale=en
Published

Abstract

Matching theory has been highly successful in describing behavior at equilibrium across a wide variety of live organisms. Despite this success, the dynamics from which equilibrium behavior emerge are not well understood. Numerous dynamic models of behavior have been proposed and while some have been successful in accounting for particular types of behavior, only recent advances in computational modeling, namely the McDowell (2004) model of selection by consequences, have produced results that account for a wide variety of behavior. Catania (2005) found that a computational model of the operant reserve (Skinner, 1938) produced realistic behavior in initial, exploratory analyses. Although Catania's operant reserve computational model demonstrated potential to simulate varied behavioral phenomena, the model was not systematically tested. The current project replicated the Catania model, clarified its capabilities through systematic testing, and determined the extent to which it produces behavior corresponding to matching theory. Significant departures from both classic and modern matching theory were found in model behavior across all conditions. The results suggest that a simple, dynamic operant model does not simulate realistic steady state behavior.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents List of Tables List of Figures I. Introduction....................................................................................1 II. Method........................................................................................14 III. Results........................................................................................20 IV. Discussion...................................................................................34 V. References...................................................................................44 VI. Tables.........................................................................................47 VII. Figure Captions..............................................................................53 VIII. Figures........................................................................................59

About this Dissertation

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
School
Department
Degree
Submission
Language
  • English
Research field
Keyword
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
Last modified

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files