Emission Impossible? Political Determinants of Compliance with the Kyoto Protocol Open Access

Lambert, Graham Gordon (2010)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/ms35t867c?locale=en
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Abstract

Abstract
Emission Impossible? Political Determinants of Compliance with the Kyoto Protocol
By Graham G. Lambert
The battle against global warming has become a salient issue in not just the
environmental sphere but also the political realm. In order to combat global warming and its
cause, the emission of greenhouse gases, the Kyoto Protocol was created. Yet states vary widely in their level of compliance with the treaty's provisions for reducing carbon emissions. This paper identifies a number of political factors that might explain that variation, from the role of environmental parties, "dirty industry" pressure groups, and the electoral cycle, to cross-country policy contagion. To test the impact of these variables alongside that of the basic pressures of economic growth and population size, I estimate a multivariate regression of compliance with Kyoto Protocol carbon emission targets. The results suggest that some of these political factors have a strong influence on compliance patterns.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction
1
Background
5
Literature Review
8
Hypothesis
14
Research Design
15
Country Coverage
15
Unit of Observation and Sample
15
Dependent Variable
16
Independent Variables
18
Diffusion
18
Fossil Fuel
20
Green Parties
20
Election Year
21
Population
21
Controls
22
Total Growth
22
Per Capita Growth
22
Analysis
26
Primary Model
26

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