The Effect of Transparency on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights' Compliance Rates 公开

Romero, Alexia (2010)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/kd17ct41k?locale=zh
Published

Abstract

Despite states' acceptance of the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights within the Western Hemisphere, many states fail to comply fully with its judgments (Cavallaro and Brewer 2007). Thus, this thesis focuses on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and seeks to understand the conditions in which states are more likely to implement judicial orders. A review of the literature on compliance tends to suggest that increased transparency can induce states to comply with judicial decisions (Vanberg 2005). This thesis tests this theory at the Inter-American Court using media coverage as a proxy for transparency. Specifically, I will evaluate whether increased media coverage is positively associated with compliance, especially as the level of democracy increases. If this theory is supported at the Inter-American Court, this will have profound implications for other human rights tribunals who may be able to use publicity as a means of inducing compliance.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION....................................................................................... 1

CARACAZO V. VENEZUELA........................................................................................ .2

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW............................................................................ ....6

FIGURE 1:...............................................................................................................12

HYPOTHESES...........................................................................................................13

Table 1: Summary of Theories and Hypotheses...............................................................13

CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND...........................................................................................13

ORGANS OF THE INTER-AMERICAN SYSTEM....................................................................13

SUBMITTING A CASE TO COURT...................................................................................17

ADJUDICATION OF A CASE..........................................................................................20

COMPLIANCE WITH A JUDGMENT.......................................................................... .......23

CHAPTER 4: EMPIRICS: QUALITATIVE................................................................... ........24

THOSE INTERVIEWED.................................................................................................24

QUESTIONS ASKED....................................................................................................25

RESULTS..................................................................................................................26

Self Interest Theory:..................................................................................................26

Transparency............................................................................................................27

Public support...........................................................................................................28

Dissemination of Information.........................................................................................29

Drawbacks to transparency..........................................................................................36

CHAPTER 5: EMPIRICS-QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH........................................... .................38

TABLE 2: AVERAGE POLITY SCORES...............................................................................41

DEPENDENT VARIABLE-COMPLIANCE...............................................................................41

INDEPENDENT VARIABLES.............................................................................................42

Table 3: Fairness of Proceedings...................................................................................43

Table 4: Difficulty of Compliance...................................................................................44

Table 5: Third Party Participation in favor of plaintiff.........................................................46

MEASURING MEDIA COVERAGE............................................................................. .........47

Table 6: Media Coverage Distribution..............................................................................50

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS............................................................................................ ..50

Table 7: Cross tabulation of compliance and regime type................................................. ..51

Table 8: Interaction between democracy and media coverage.............................................51

Table 9: Predicted probabilities of compliance...................................................................52

Table 10: Compliance with IACHR judicial orders................................................................53

Figure 2: Predicted Probability of Compliance................................................................. ..58

CHAPTER 6: CONCLUSION.............................................................................................58

FIGURE 3...................................................................................................................59

WORKS CITED.............................................................................................................63

APPENDIX A:...............................................................................................................72

APPENDIX B…………………………………………………………………………….................................................73

About this Honors Thesis

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
School
Department
Degree
Submission
Language
  • English
Research field
关键词
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
最新修改

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files