Quasi-Isometric Properties of Graph Braid Groups 公开

Fernandes, Praphat Xavier (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/hh63sw903?locale=zh
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Abstract

Abstract
Quasi-Isometric Properties of Graph Braid Groups
In my thesis I initiate the study of the quasi-isometric properties of the
2 dimensional graph braid groups. I do this by studying the behaviour of
flats in the geometric model spaces of the graph braid groups, which happen
to be CAT(0) cube complexes. I define a quasi-isometric invariant of these
graph braid groups called the intersection complex. In certain cases it is
possible to calculate the dimension of this intersection complex from the
underlying graph of the graph braid group. And I use the dimension of the
intersection complex to prove that the family of graph braid groups B_2(K_n)
are quasi-isometrically distinct for all n. I also show that the dimension
of the intersection complex for a graph braid group takes on every possible
non-negative integer value.

Table of Contents

Contents
1 Introduction 1
2 Quasi-Isometries 3
3 CAT(0) Cube Complexes 7
3.1 Right Angled Artin Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.2 Graph Braid Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.3 Quasi-Flats in CAT(0) Square Complexes . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4 Graph Braid Groups 13
5 Quarter-Plane Complex 28
5.1 Coherence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
5.2 Product subcomplexes and posets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
5.3 Preservation of Flats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
6 Maximal Product Sub-Complexes 54
7 The Intersection Complex 62
7.1 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Bibliography 72

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