Schools of Democracy?Democratic Behavior in Secular and Islamist Opposition Parties in Egypt 公开

Benger, Karolyn Rachel (2009)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/gt54kn223?locale=zh
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Abstract



Schools of Democracy?
Democratic Behavior in Secular and Islamist Opposition Parties in Egypt

By
Karolyn R. Benger
This thesis challenges the assumption that civil society and its organizations act
as schools of democracy. It argues that civil society organizations should be
examined for their internal behavior. This thesis studies six oppositional
organizations in Egypt to determine their levels of democratic behavior. It
examines groups across ideological, generational, legal, and Islamist and secular
divides. It finds that while all organizations studied call for democracy they do
not all behave democratically internally.

Table of Contents


Table of Contents

Introduction
1



Methodology
2
Data
Utilized

3
Weaknesses
of
Data 3

Case Selection






4
Levels
of
Democratic
Behavior
6
Calls
for
Democracy
6
Significance
of
Research
7

Civil Society







8

Literature Review





8
Theoretical
Flaws
9

Assessing
Democratic
Behavior
11
Measuring
Democratic
Behavior
13
Religion
and
Democratic
Behavior 16
Islam and Democratic Behavior



17
Secular Parties and Democratic Behavior


18

History of the Political Party System




20
Emergence
of
Multiple
Parties
21
Restrictions
of
Political
Parties
22

History of the Muslim Brotherhood



23

Organizations'
Democratic
Behavior
28


Wafd







28


Party History





28
Ideology
31
Organization
Structure
32
Internal
Disputes
33
Sources
of
Funding
33
Analysis






34


Tagammu







35


Party History





35
Internal
Changes
38
Ideology
41
Organization
Structure
44


Analysis






46

Ghad
49

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