Gambling with Hawaiian Home Land: The Potential Effects of a Casino in Hawaii on Income Differences between Native and Non-Native Populations 公开

Lee, Kathryn Sumie (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/1r66j205j?locale=zh
Published

Abstract

Abstract

Gambling with Hawaiian Home Land: The Potential Effects of a Casino in Hawaii on Income Differences between Native and Non-Native Populations

Kathryn Sumie Lee

Using data on Native American reservation counties, this paper provides the first empirical study
of the proposed casino in Hawaii as outlined in Hawaii House Bill 1227, which would establish a
casino on Native Hawaiian Home Land and allocate generated revenue to the Native Hawaiian
Home Land trust fund. The results indicate that the number of "Las Vegas-style" casinos
decrease the household income gap between native and non-native peoples and the presence of
three or more "Las Vegas-style" casinos raise household income for native people. A discussion
on cultural issues in Hawaii which will factor into the approval of a gaming venture is detailed in
the conclusion.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Introduction 1
II. Background 3
A. Why Casinos May Affect Income Differences 3
B. History of Native American Gaming 4
C. How Native Gaming Could Have an Effect 6
III. Data and Empirical Methods 8
A. Difference in Differences Estimation 8
B. Data Collection 9
IV. Results 12
V. Conclusion 15
References 18
Table 1: Selected Summary Statistics 20
Table 2: Difference in Mean Household Income 20
Table 3: Regression Results for Tribal Casino Explanatory Variables 21
Table 4: Regression Results without Employment Explanatory Variables 22
Table 5: Regression Results without Education Explanatory Variables 23
Table 6a: Class II Variable Effect on Income Gap 24
Table 6b: Class III Variable Effect on Income Gap 25
Table 7: Class III Casino Variable Effect on Household Income for NA and W 26
Table 8: Class III Casino Counter Effect on Household Income for NA and W 26
Table 9: Full Regression Results from Table 7 27
Table 10: Full Regression Results from Table 8 28
Figure 1. Native American Casino Counties: 1969-1979 29
Figure 2. Native American Casino Counties: 1979-1989 29
Figure 3. Native American Casino Counties: 1989-1999 30
Figure 4. Native American Casino Counties: 1999-2009 30

About this Honors Thesis

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
School
Department
Degree
Submission
Language
  • English
Research field
关键词
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
最新修改

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files