State Compliance with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia 公开

Ozegovic, Mia (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/x346d448f?locale=zh
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Abstract

The success of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) relies on the cooperation of national states. Former Yugoslav compliance with the ICTY remains underexplored in international law and international justice scholarship. Seldom is the question asked: why do states comply with international criminal tribunals?

I will attempt to discern motivations behind state actions and identify the causal phenomenon behind compliance and non-compliance by examining former Yugoslav compliance with ICTY indictment orders between 1994 and 2011. International relations literature has identified competing explanations that range from rationalist arguments focusing on third party coercion and material self-interests, to normative legitimization of rules arguments. This study seeks to understand why states comply with international tribunals by examining: (1) individual specific characteristics, (2) domestic factors (economic and political) and (3) international pressures. Using survival analysis, I find that all three of the aforementioned factors affect the timing of extradition. This study finds that the domestic audience is extremely unfavorable towards cooperation. Even so, this study supports rationalist arguments and finds that the prospect of accession into the European Union correlates with more rapid extraditions. However, this study does not find support for the normative arguments which claim that an internalization of human rights laws will lead to cooperation.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Glossary………………………………………………………………………..………………….1
Introduction…………………………………………………………………..……………………2
Literature Review…………………………………………………………….……………………4
History……………………………………………………………………………………..4
Theory.…………………………………………………………………………………….6
Research Design………………………………………………………………….………………19
Measuring Compliance………………………………………………………………......21
Individual Specific Characteristic………………………………………...……………...23
Elections………………………………………………………………………………….27
Economic Growth……………………………………………………….……………….29
European Union Events………………………………………………………………….31
Trade with European Union…………………………………………………..………….32
Descriptive Analysis……………………………………………………………………………..35
Data Analysis and Discussion……………………………………………………………………41
Qualitative Analysis…………………………………………..………………………………….51
Croatia…………………………………………………………………………………....52
Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo……………………………………………………54
Serbia…………………………………………………………………………………….55
Sensitivity Analysis……………………………………………………………………………...57
Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………….59
Further Research…………………………………………………………………………………61
Appendix (I) Statute of the Tribunal…………………………………………………………….63
Appendix (II) Presidential Elections…………………………………………….………………63
Appendix (III) European Union Events …………………………………………………………66
Appendix (IV) Serbia's Public Opinion…………………………………………………………69
Appendix (V) Trade with European Union by Jurisdiction……………………………………...70
Appendix (VI) Economic Growth by Jurisdiction……………………………………………….73
References……………………………………………………………………………….……….76

FIGURES AND TABLES

Figure 1: Number of War Criminals Indicted by Jurisdiction………..………………………….21
Table 1: Number of Individuals Charged by Jurisdiction………………………………………..25
Table 2: Types of Indictment Ends by Jurisdiction…………………………………..………….36
Table 3: Number of Days until End of Indictment by Jurisdiction………………………...…….40
Table 4: Multivariate Regression Estimates……………………………………………………..42






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