Assessing the Impact of Media Consumption on Knowledge and Behaviors Related to Explosive Device Contamination in Rural Colombia Open Access

Lehnert, Jonathan Dieter (2016)

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Colombia has been ravaged by internal conflict for the past 60 years. Use of antipersonnel explosive devices by many participants went unchecked for years, resulting in contamination that poses a serious risk to the wellbeing of the rural population. In 2012, a survey was conducted among a representative sample of the rural population to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of people living in areas affected by explosive devices. Data collected included information on the media consumption habits of the population for four types of media: newspaper, radio, television, and the Internet. Logistic regression models estimated the association between individual media consumption and selected knowledge and behavior outcomes associated with mine risk education activities. Findings suggest that newspaper and Internet consumption are more likely to be associated with desired outcomes. Furthermore, consumption of a wider variety of media sources was also associated with desired outcomes. The results suggest that newspapers and the Internet may be effective mine risk education reference materials for those in contaminated areas. Additionally, the results suggest that a population that consumes a wider variety of media is likely to be more knowledgeable about explosive devices. This information may be used to improve mine risk education efforts both in Colombia and in other conflict-affected areas.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction.. 1

The Conflict. 1

Impact of the Colombian Conflict. 1

Mine Action - Providing Relief to Those in Conflict Areas via Humanitarian Demining 4

Mine Action - Preventing Accidents through Mine Risk Education.. 5

Mine Action - Creating Change through Victim Assistance and Advocacy. 7

Media in Colombia.. 8

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Survey in Colombia.. 8

Methods. 10

Conducting the KAP Survey. 10

Variables Selected for Analysis. 11

Data Analysis. 12

Results. 14

Table 1. Demographic Breakdown of Survey Respondents. 15

Table 2. Weekly Media Consumption among Respondents. 16

Table 3. Number of Different Types of Media Consumed Weekly. 17

Table 4. Frequency of Outcomes. 18

Table 5. Modeling the Probability of a Survey Participant Reporting an Explosive Device Accident. 19

Table 6. Modeling the Probability of a Survey Participant Correctly Identifying a Landmine.. 20

Table 7. Modeling the Probability of a Survey Participant Correctly Identifying a Grenade 21

Table 8. Modeling the Probability of a Survey Participant Correctly Identifying an Explosive Booby Trap.. 21

Table 9. Modeling the Probability of a Safe Encounter with a Landmine.. 23

Table 10. Modeling the Probability of a Safe Encounter with a Grenade.. 24

Table 11. Modeling the Probability of a Safe Encounter with an Explosive Booby Trap 25

Discussion.. 26

Limitations. 30

Conclusions. 33

References. 35

Appendix A.. 39

Appendix B.. 40

Appendix C.. 41

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