To address the Nation's environmental and energy challenges, chemical catalysis research has shifted its focus to discover new methodologies that can produce alternative fuels and reduce the use of harmful pollutants. At the center of this grand challenge lies the need to discover sustainable transition metal catalysts that utilize environmentally benign reagents for the activation of strong bonds. Developing such systems will bring upon significant technological advances. In Chapter 1, the significance of using earthabundant first-row transition metal ions in catalysis is highlighted and the role of redoxactive ligands in promoting this reactivity is discussed. In chapter 2, the development of coordinatively versatile bis(amidophenyl)amine redox-active ligands as novel motifs to control catalyst structure and reactivity is described. Chapter 3 discloses fundamental spectroscopic, mechanistic, and structural investigations on the reactivity of cobalt(II) complexes of bis(amidophenyl)amine ligands with dioxygen to carry out aerobic oxidation reactions. Given the multi-electron reactivity observed with dioxygen, cobalt(II) complexes were investigated as catalysts for C-H amination catalysis. This dissertation concludes with chapter 4, which deliberates the selective catalytic C-Hamination of aryl azides facilitated by a robust and versatile cobalt(II) catalyst to form medicinally relevant heterocycles. The results presented herein constitute a significant advance in sustainable catalysis technology.
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About this Dissertation
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