Navigating the New Frontier: Woodrow Wilson, Frederick Jackson Turner, and World Politics 公开

Lyons, Devon Tyler (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/v405sb20b?locale=zh
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Abstract

This thesis attempts to understand the underlying foundation of Wilson's desire to engage the
United States in world affairs on the political and economic level. The historiography of
Wilsonian thought has generally centered on his political thought and has categorized him as an
idealist. This thesis explores the possibility that Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis
provided an intellectual foundation for Wilson's goal of involving the United States in a greater
international role. Not only did Turner's work provide a causal reason to engage in world
affairs, but it also led Wilson to act in a realistic, as opposed to idealistic, fashion when dealing
with other nations. Wilson was simply not the democratic idealist he has often been
characterized as. This thesis takes a broad view chronologically of Wilson, but it mainly focuses
on Wilson's relationship with Turner and his interactions with South America and Europe; the
two greatest recipients of Wilson's time and energy. The historiography on this issue has been
largely neglected by historians of Woodrow Wilson. Consequently, an examination of Wilson's
acceptance of the importance of the frontier in American development and Wilson's foreign
policy actions is overdue.

Table of Contents

The Foundations of Wilson's Economic Thought..............................................1

Turner, Wilson, and the New Role of the United States....................................4

The Presidential Campaign of 1912: A Call to Expand the Frontier......................14

Domestic Economic Policy and its Relation to Foreign Policy.............................19

Combination of Economics and Politics in Foreign Policy...................................21

Wilsonian Interest in the Americas...............................................................24

The Pan-American Pact.....................................................................29

Reasons for Failure: Wilsonian Interventions, Chilean Objections........34

Wilson's Pursuit of Neutrality to Protect American Commercial Interests..............38

America Enters the War After Violations and Threats to American Commerce.......40

The Wilsonian Goals of Expansion at the Paris Peace Conference.......................43

Conclusion .............................................................................................52

Appendix.................................................................................................57

Bibliography.............................................................................................58


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