Embodied Fictions: Narratives of the Face 公开

O'Grady, Aneyn Mara (2015)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/tm70mv74v?locale=zh
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Abstract

The present study developed a methodology to record the display of facial expressions while engaging in fiction to examine the relationship between empathy and the embodied processing of narratives. Five hypotheses were tested: (1) Exposure to fiction (e.g., short-story, short film, spoken story) elicits facial expression displays (FED). (2) Higher levels of empathy predict a higher number of FED while engaging in fiction. (3) Emotional contagion is correlated with empathy level. (4) Lifetime exposure to fiction (LEF) is correlated with absorption and empathy ratings. (5) The frequency of FED while engaging in fiction is correlated with emotional contagion and absorption ratings. Video recordings confirmed participants physically process fiction stimuli. A simple linear regression to test hypothesis 2 found no significant relationship. Bivariate correlations were run to test hypotheses 3, 4, and 5. Emotional contagion was positively correlated with empathy level (p < .01). The experience of engaging in fiction and its potential relationship with improving social skill still merit future research.

Table of Contents

Introduction.......................................................................................8

The Many Faces of Empathy.................................................................9

Empathy and Mimicry in Social Interaction.............................................11

Accessing Other Minds........................................................................13

Fiction as Simulation of Social Interaction..............................................15

Social Ability and Exposure to Fiction.....................................................18

Embodied Cognition and Embodied Transparency.....................................19

Statement of the Problem.....................................................................22

Method..............................................................................................24

Participants........................................................................................24

Procedure..........................................................................................25

Design Strategy..................................................................................25

Materials and Measure.........................................................................27

Apparatus..........................................................................................33

Results..............................................................................................33

Discussion..........................................................................................36

Interpretation of Findings......................................................................36

Contributions to Psychology...................................................................37

Limitations..........................................................................................39

Implications........................................................................................39

Future Directions..................................................................................40

Conclusions.........................................................................................41

References..........................................................................................43

Tables and Figures................................................................................56

Appendices..........................................................................................59

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