Bring me more beer: Haversian system formation rates for a Nubian population and intervals between periods of tetracycline ingestion Open Access

Winburn, Amanda Ann (2011)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/th83kz40s?locale=en
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Abstract

Abstract
Bring me more beer: Haversian system formation rates for a Nubian population and intervals between periods of tetracycline ingestion
By Amanda Winburn
The study summarized in this paper is two-fold in nature. The Haversian system formation rates for the Nubian Christian-group 21-R-2 cemetery (604 ± 46 C.E.) are determined, and potential variation within the rates based on sex and age at death are analyzed. The information regarding Haversian system formation rates is then used in to address the discovery that the Christian-group exhibits tetracycline labeling bound into the cement of its osteons (Bassett et al. 1980). This second phase represents the development and application of new methods to determine the time intervals represented between identifiable tetracycline labels. The principles of modern-day tetracycline studies are applied to this archaeological population in order to determine the time intervals between tetracycline ingestion within the population. The two-fold nature of this paper, then, demonstrates a hybrid methodology that is new to the field of bioarchaeology.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
II. Literature Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
a. The Christian-group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
i. Figure 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
ii. Figure 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
iii. Figure 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
iv. Figure 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
v. Figure 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
b. Tetracycline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
c. Tetracycline-labeling within the population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
d. Haversian systems: formation and resorption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
e. Imaging software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
III. Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
a. Figure 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
IV. Calculating Haversian system formation rates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
a. Methodology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
b. Results. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
i. Figure 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ii. Figure 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
iii. Figure 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
V. Measuring intervals between tetracycline labels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

a. Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

i. Figure 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

ii. Figure 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

b. Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

i. Figure 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

VI. Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

a. Contextualizing Haversian system formation rates . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

b. Time intervals between tetracycline labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

VII. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

VIII. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

IX. Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

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