Comparison of Psychopathic Traits Between Individualistic and Collectivist Cultures Using a North American and an Asian Sample 公开

Kang, Wenting (2014)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/rr171x356?locale=zh
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Abstract

This present study investigated potential cross-cultural differences in the expression of psychopathic personality traits in a sample of Caucasian American (n=560), Non-Asian international (n=79), and Asian International (n=127) students in the greater Atlanta area. Students were recruited by convenience sampling to complete an online survey consisting of self-report measures of personality, attitudes, and behavior. Psychopathic personality traits were assessed by the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (Lilienfeld, 1990) and Levenson's Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (Levenson & Fitzpatrick, 1995). Asian international and International students reported higher levels of psychopathy, particularly PPI Factor 2 attributes, than Caucasian American students. Asian international students were found to endorse more interdependent values in their self-construal. Although higher levels of psychopathy were related to higher levels of individualism across all three groups, PPI Factor 1 and Factor 2 traits were positively related to individualism only among Asian international students. Higher levels of indirect aggression were associated with higher PPI Factor 2 scores. The antisocial behavioral traits of psychopathy were positively related to somatization only among Caucasian American students. In all three groups, higher levels of Taijin Kyofusho were associated with higher levels of the antisocial behavioral attributes assessed by PPI Factor 2. Such differences warrant further investigation in studies that accommodate the methodological limitations commonly seen in the cross-cultural study of personality.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Introduction and Literature Review……………………………………………………...1
Method………………………………………………………………………………….12
Results…………………………………………………………………………………..22
Discussion………………………………………………………………………………33
Appendix………………………………………………………………………………..41
Table 1…………………………………………………………………………..41
Table 2…………………………………………………………………………..43
References……………………………………………………………………………….44

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