The Development and Revitalization of the Chilean and Argentine New Song Movement Open Access

Bertrand, Maglyn Brenna Wood (2014)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/pg15bd999?locale=en
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Abstract

This thesis focuses on the development of Chilean nueva canción (new song) and Argentine nuevo cancionero (new songbook) over the course of the 1960s, the 1970s, and the 1980s and highlights the role of various New Song musicians as key actors in the development of these genres. With their compositions, musical and political personas, personalities, and commitment to the promotion of national, cultural, and political artistic creations, they greatly affected New Song's identity and progression. Influenced by the societal changes of the three decades as well as various citizens of their native countries, Chilean and Argentine New Song musicians desired to reflect the identities of diverse peoples of their country. However, their impact extended beyond music and also affected, inspired, and intertwined with efforts to promote national collective identity, other forms of national culture, international social and political movements, and support various Argentine, Chilean, and international people during times of cultural awakenings, violence under military dictatorships, and transitions from authoritarian to democratic rule.

By tracing the development of this music in these two countries during a period of three decades as well as discussing important New Song musicians, this thesis frames nueva canción and nuevo cancionero as part of an inclusive movement and argues that each genre entailed more than one type of song and included more than one type of musician. By focusing attention on various individuals, New Song's broad spectrum of aesthetic, political and apolitical views, and national and international connections between New Song musicians and other movements, this study promotes the understanding and celebration of New Song holistically rather than solely for either musical or political meanings alone.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………………...........................1

Chapter 1: The Beginnings of New Song in Chile and Argentina …………………………….......9

Chapter 2: The Politicization of Nueva Canción in the 1970s …………………………………......24

Chapter 3: The Politicization of Nuevo Cancionero in the 1970s ………………………………....40

Chapter 4: The New Song Movement in Chile and Argentina in the 1980s ……………………53

Chapter 5: La Peña Cultural Center: A Reflection and Projection of New Song …………….65

Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………………………............................76

Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………….............................77

List of Figures

Figure 1.1. Musical and lyrical elements of nueva canción and nuevo cancionero ……...11

Figure 5.1. Individuals and symbols of La Peña Cultural Center 2013 mural ……………....67

Figure 5.2. Grupo Raíz 1985 …………………………………………………………………......................74


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