Prevalence and Risk Factors of Intimate Partner Violence in Nepal 公开

Chang, Xinfang (Spring 2018)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/pc289j07j?locale=zh
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Abstract

Abstract

 

 

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Intimate Partner Violence in Nepal 

 

By

 

Xinfang Chang

 

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. IPV brings severe trauma to women both physically and mentally. Although over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There is still a gap on IPV research in Nepal. Therefore, this thesis will focus on the research on the prevalence and risk factors of IPV in Nepal.

Objectives: This thesis will address the current situation and the knowledge gap of IPV in Nepal by studying the prevalence and risk factors of IPV experienced by women in Nepal. 

Methods: The study is a secondary data analysis of baseline data from a cluster randomized trial testing a primary prevention intervention for IPV. The baseline data include 1,800 women from NawalparasiChitwan, and Kapilvastudistricts in Nepal. Variables include age, wife education, husband education, marriage type, income stress, and husband drunkenness in past 12 months. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate regression were used to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of exposure to physical and / or sexual IPV in the prior 12 months.

Results: Of 1,800 valid participants, 455 (25.28%) participants were exposed to IPV.   In bivariate analyses, caste, wife employment, income stress, quarreling, husband frequently drunk, wife exposed to IPV as a child, husband exposed to IPV as a child, in-law violence were significantly associated with IPV. In multivariate analyses, caste, wife employment, income stress, marital communication, quarreling, husband frequently drunk, wife exposed to IPV as a child, husband exposed to IPV as a child, in-law violenceretained their significance.

Conclusions: IPV has its basis in dire economic conditions, traditional belief systems and the exposure of the boy child to incidences of violence in the family. Based on the fact that IPV is cyclic in nature, there is a need for intervening measures to address the key underlying constructs of socio-historical IPV contexts, traditional male roles and masculinity and cultural based suppression of women.

 

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

Introduction and Rationale

Purpose Statement

Research Question

Significance Statement

Chapter 2 Literature Review

Definition of Intimate Partner Violence

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence in Nepal

Individual Level Risk

Family/Household Level Risk

Community Level Risks

Chapter 3 Methods

Ethical Considerations

Data Collection

Sample

Measures

Data Analysis

Chapter 4 Results

Chapter 5 Discussion

Limitations

Conclusions

Implications

Recommendations

References

Tables and Figures

 

 

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