A Meta-Analysis Examination of HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors in Latin America 公开

Marmol, Edwin (2011)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/p8418n844?locale=zh
Published

Abstract

A Meta-Analysis Examination of HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors
in Latin America
Abstract
The research sought to contribute to existing knowledge on HIV/AIDS in Latin America
by examining knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors related to HIV/AIDS. This
information will contribute toward enabling the region address challenges related to the
epidemic appropriately. The study was conducted using a meta-analysis of two articles
written between 2005 and 2010. Findings showed that important to HIV/AIDS picture in
Latin America is rising understanding of heterosexual activities as a transmission mode,
stigmatization, taboo, poor condom use, masculinity and machismo, and gender roles.
Recommended for future research is the identification of implications in maintaining
current culture on the epidemic and investigating ways to alleviate the negative attribution.
Further recommendations are for the public health sector to conduct public education on
dangers of upholding traditional gender roles, and engage in public opinions directed at
increasing women and feminized homosexual individuals sexual negotiating power.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter I: Introduction.................................................................................................................... 1
1.1.
Introduction and Study Rationale..................................................................................... 1
1.2.
Problem Statement ........................................................................................................... 3
1.3.
Purpose Statement............................................................................................................ 4
1.4.
Research Question............................................................................................................ 4
1.5.
Significant Statement ....................................................................................................... 5
1.6.
Definition of Terms.......................................................................................................... 5
Chapter II: Review of the Literature............................................................................................... 7
2.1.
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 7
2.2.
The Scale of HIV/AIDS in Latin America....................................................................... 7
2.3.
HIV Transmission in Latin America.............................................................................. 10
2.4.
Knowledge, Attitude, and Beliefs .................................................................................. 12
2.5.
Comparison of HIV Cases in Latin America ................................................................. 15
2.6.
Summary ........................................................................................................................ 16
Chapter III: Research Methodology.............................................................................................. 18
3.1.
Introduction .................................................................................................................... 18
3.2.
Research Sample ............................................................................................................ 18
3.3.
Research Design: Meta-Analysis ................................................................................... 18
3.4.
Procedures ...................................................................................................................... 19
3.4.1.
Database and Search Strategy................................................................................. 19
3.4.2.
Article Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria................................................................. 20
3.4.3.
Data Abstraction ..................................................................................................... 21
3.5.
Data Synthesis................................................................................................................ 21
3.6.
Research Limitations and Delimitations ........................................................................ 21
3.7.
Summary ........................................................................................................................ 22
Chapter IV: Findings..................................................................................................................... 23

4.1.
Introduction .................................................................................................................... 23
4.2.
Knowledge related to HIV/AIDS................................................................................... 24
4.3.
Attitude toward HIV/AIDS ............................................................................................ 25
4.4.
Beliefs Associated with HIV/AIDS ............................................................................... 26
4.5.
Behaviors Representing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic......................................................... 27
4.6.
Effect of Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors on Latin America's HIV/AIDS
Scenario..................................................................................................................................... 29
4.7.
Other Interesting Findings.............................................................................................. 29
4.8.
Summary ........................................................................................................................ 30
Chapter V: Conclusion, Implications, and Recommendations ..................................................... 31
5.1.
Introduction .................................................................................................................... 31
5.2.
Summary of Study.......................................................................................................... 31
5.3.
Conclusion...................................................................................................................... 32
5.4.
Implications for Theory and Practice............................................................................. 34
5.5.
Recommendations .......................................................................................................... 34
Reference List: .............................................................................................................................. 36
Appendix....................................................................................................................................... 40

About this Master's Thesis

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
School
Department
Degree
Submission
Language
  • English
Research field
关键词
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
Partnering Agencies
最新修改

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files