An Evaluation of the Efficacy, Feasibility and Acceptability of Mobile Health Technologies for Violence Prevention and Control in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review Restricted; Files Only

Anscombe, Madeline (Spring 2023)

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In Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), the increasing availability of technology has allowed for significant development in the field of mobile health (mHealth) interventions. Of these interventions, ten have published results on the efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of mHealth technology for the purposes of violence prevention and control. This systematic review examines published literature to provide a comprehensive analysis of mHealth violence programming in LMIC contexts and draws conclusions regarding specific program constructs, modalities, and testing instruments. 

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Literature Review 3

Mortality 4

Violence-Related Disease and Disability 6

Economic Impact of Violence 8

The Global Distribution of Violence 9

Intimate Partner Violence 10

Sexual Violence 12

Self-Directed Violence 14

Collective Violence 15

The Use of mHealth for Violence Prevention and Response in LMICs 16

Methods 17

Results 21

Efficacy Measures 24

Feasibility Measures 31

Acceptability Measures 36

Discussion 38

Efficacy 39

Feasibility 41

Acceptability 43

Limitations 44

Public Health Implications 45

References 47

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