Filling the Federal Void? Determining the Effectiveness of State-Level Climate Policies Restricted; Files & ToC

Martin, Geoff (2017)

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States have historically been the primary drivers of climate change policy in the U.S., particularly with regard to climate pollution from power plants. States have implemented numerous policies designed to either directly curb greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from power plants, or to encourage energy efficiency and renewable energy growth. With the fate of the proposed federal Clean Power Plan unclear, the need for effective state action is critical. There is an urgency to understand which state-level policies have successfully mitigated power plant emissions, but prior research has assessed policy effectiveness using data prior to the adoption of many policies. I assess 17 policies using the latest state-level power sector CO2 emissions data. I find that GHG emissions caps, GHG emissions standards, and decoupling are associated with the largest reduction in emissions of all policies assessed, and that policies with mandatory compliance are reducing power plant emissions, while voluntary policies are not associated with a reduction in emissions.

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