Does Lidocaine Cause False Positive Results on Cocaine Urine Drug Screen? Open Access

Kim, Eungjae (Spring 2019)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/g445cf216?locale=en
Published

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Individuals who have tested positive for cocaine have claimed that lidocaine, or its primary metabolite norlidocaine (monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX)), have caused false positive results for the cocaine metabolite benzoylecgonine (BE) on urinary immunoassay testing. 

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to determine if lidocaine exposure from routine medical procedures can result in false positives on a commercially available cocaine immunoassay urine drug screen (UDS). 

METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional observational study of patients receiving lidocaine as part of their regular care. Standard immunoassay drug screens and confirmatory liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) were performed on all urine samples to assess for MEGX and BE. 

RESULTS In total, 121 patients were positive for lidocaine and negative for BE. One hundred and fourteen of these patients were also positive for MEGX. None of these patients tested positive for cocaine on the UDS (95% CI: 0% - 3.7% for the full sample and 0% - 3.9% for the 114 who tested positive for MEGX). 

CONCLUSION: The present study found no evidence that lidocaine or norlidocaine are capable of producing false positive results on standard cocaine urine immunoassays.

Table of Contents

Introduction......................................................................................................................1-5

Methods……......................................................................................................................5-8

Statistical Analysis............................................................................................................8

Results..............................................................................................................................8-10

Discussion........................................................................................................................11-12

Limitations.......................................................................................................................12-13

Conclusion.......................................................................................................................13

References Cited.............................................................................................................14-16

About this Honors Thesis

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
School
Department
Degree
Submission
Language
  • English
Research field
Keyword
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
Last modified

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files