Intentions to quit smoking among daily smokers and consistent and converted nondaily college student smokers 公开

Pinsker, Erika Ashley (2012)

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Given the high prevalence of smoking, particularly nondaily smoking, among young
adults, research is needed to understand the different trajectories of smoking among this
group. We examined factors related to smoking initiation, progression, and cessation and
differing smoking trajectories in relation to readiness to quit smoking in the next month.
The current study is a secondary data analysis of an online survey that was administered to
six Southeast colleges in Fall 2010. A total of 24,055 students were recruited, yielding 4,849
responses (20.1% response rate), with complete data from 4,438 students. Overall, 63.8% (n
= 3,094) were nonsmokers, 6.0% (n = 293) were quitters, 6.5% (n = 317) were consistent
nondaily (i.e., never daily) smokers, 5.8% (n = 283) were converted nondaily (i.e., historically
daily) smokers, and 9.3% (n = 451) were daily smokers. There were significant differences in
sociodemographics, other substance use (alcohol, binge drinking, marijuana, and other
tobacco products) in the past 30 days, and psychosocial factors (e.g., smoking attitudes,
perceived harm) among these subgroups of students (p there were significant differences in the average number of cigarettes smoked per day, recent
quit attempts, self-identification as a smoker, self-efficacy, and motivation to quit (p After controlling for sociodemographics and other psychosocial factors, converted nondaily
smokers were more likely to be ready to quit in the next month versus consistent nondaily
smokers (OR=2.15, CI 1.32, 3.49, p=.002). Understanding differences among subgroups of
young adults with different smoking histories and current behaviors is critical in developing
interventions targeting psychosocial factors that may differentially impact cessation efforts
among this population.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Introduction Page 1

II. Literature Review Page 6

III. Method Page 9

IV. Results Page 15

V. Discussion Page 18

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