Using community based participatory action research (CBPAR) amongst vulnerable populations in post disaster settings: A Scoping Review Open Access

Gordon, Megyn (Spring 2021)

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Objective: This scoping review aimed to examine public health community based participatory interventions implemented among vulnerable populations in post-disaster settings and to identify appropriate and effective community based participatory action research (CBPAR) techniques and components in these settings.

Methods: A scoping review was conducted after searching multiple databases to retrieve the original publications. Eight studies were determined to fit all of the inclusion criteria after they were thoroughly reviewed. Relevant information including disaster type, population, and CBPAR method were identified.

Results: The studies highlighted three important CBPAR components that made the interventions feasible among vulnerable communities in post-disaster settings. These were flexibility, cultural humility and relationship building, and increasing collective and self-efficacy while using various CBPAR methods like photovoice to target participant needs.

Discussion: These main themes and components were important to the functioning of the CBPAR interventions in these post-disaster settings and for the best outcome for the participants. They allowed the studies to be sustainable while being able to fully address the culture and needs of the participants.

Conclusion: CBPAR was shown to successfully work in the post-disaster settings of the eight reviewed studies. Public health professionals should further investigate the effectiveness of CBPAR in post-disaster settings to confirm if community-based approaches can provide a more sustainable and effective approach to recovery, especially for vulnerable populations.

This scoping review was a precursor to more research that should be done in this area in order to determine if CBPAR is an effective method to use in public health interventions after a natural disaster and among vulnerable communities.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Problem Statement

Literature Review

Community Based Participatory Action Research (CBPAR)

Vulnerable Populations

Natural Disasters


Scoping Review Goal

Literature Search and Selection Strategy

Geographic Considerations

Ethical Considerations

Selection of Studies

Data Extraction



Cultural Humility and Relationship Building

Increased Self and Collective Efficacy


Limitations of the Scoping Review


Work Cited

Appendix A: Data Extraction Template

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