The Cavaliere Carlo Rainaldi (1611-1691): Architecture and Identityin Seventeenth-Century Rome Open Access

Ciejka, Jason Thomas (2011)

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This dissertation interprets the work and career of the Roman architect Carlo Rainaldi in light of his social ambitions, education, musical pursuits, and knowledge of art and architectural theory. Over the span of his long and prolific career, Rainaldi contributed to the design or restoration of more than fifteen churches and executed another two dozen chapels, altars, and tombs, along with a host of palaces, gardens, and ephemera. Scholars have long recognized Rainaldi's position as one of the leading architects in seventeenth-century Rome; however, previous scholarship has focused primarily on identifying his architectural sources, explicating his style, and reconstructing the building histories of his churches. With essays on Rainaldi's biography, education, and artistic milieu, as well as the topics of architectural rhetoric and expression, this dissertation seeks to advance a compelling portrait of the architect that situates him more fully in the historical and artistic context of Seicento Rome. Rainaldi's humanist education, musical talent, and interaction with artists and scholars served not only to advance his social and professional position, but became the very foundation of his capacity for architectural invention. The knowledge Rainaldi gained through the study of rhetoric, music, and art theory permeates his architecture. Chapter One surveys the early modern biographies of Rainaldi and examines how they shaped the image of Rainaldi as a gentleman architect. Chapter Two explores Rainaldi's architectural apprenticeship with his father and the evidence for his education at the Collegio Romano. Chapter Three examines Rainaldi's social, artistic, and musical milieu and how architecture and music advanced his social ambitions. Chapter Four discusses the rhetorical methods of Rainaldi's chapels, altars, and tombs, and the final chapter examines how Rainaldi, perhaps encouraged by his passion for music, explored the expressive potential of architecture in his most important work, Santa Maria in Campitelli.

Table of Contents


1. The Lives of Carlo Rainaldi 26

2. The Education of the Architect 47

3. Rainaldi & Roman Society: Patrons, Family, & Musical Associates 92

4. Chapels, Altars, & Tombs: Style & Rhetoric 131

5. An Epilogue on the Role of Expression at Santa Maria in Campitelli 189

Conclusion 227

Catalog of Drawings 230

Checklist of Chapel, Altar, & Tomb Designs 273

Appendix of Documents 276

Bibliography 331

Illustrations 366

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