The Cavaliere Carlo Rainaldi (1611-1691): Architecture and Identity in Seventeenth-Century Rome Open Access

Ciejka, Jason Thomas (2011)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/d217qq45x?locale=en
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Abstract

This dissertation interprets the work and career of the Roman architect Carlo
Rainaldi in light of his social ambitions, education, musical pursuits, and knowledge of
art and architectural theory. Over the span of his long and prolific career, Rainaldi
contributed to the design or restoration of more than fifteen churches and executed
another two dozen chapels, altars, and tombs, along with a host of palaces, gardens, and
ephemera. Scholars have long recognized Rainaldi's position as one of the leading
architects in seventeenth-century Rome; however, previous scholarship has focused
primarily on identifying his architectural sources, explicating his style, and reconstructing
the building histories of his churches. With essays on Rainaldi's biography, education,
and artistic milieu, as well as the topics of architectural rhetoric and expression, this
dissertation seeks to advance a compelling portrait of the architect that situates him more
fully in the historical and artistic context of Seicento Rome. Rainaldi's humanist
education, musical talent, and interaction with artists and scholars served not only to
advance his social and professional position, but became the very foundation of his
capacity for architectural invention. The knowledge Rainaldi gained through the study of
rhetoric, music, and art theory permeates his architecture.
Chapter One surveys the early modern biographies of Rainaldi and examines how
they shaped the image of Rainaldi as a gentleman architect. Chapter Two explores
Rainaldi's architectural apprenticeship with his father and the evidence for his education
at the Collegio Romano. Chapter Three examines Rainaldi's social, artistic, and musical
milieu and how architecture and music advanced his social ambitions. Chapter Four
discusses the rhetorical methods of Rainaldi's chapels, altars, and tombs, and the final
chapter examines how Rainaldi, perhaps encouraged by his passion for music, explored
the expressive potential of architecture in his most important work, Santa Maria in
Campitelli.

Table of Contents



Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction
1
1. The Lives of Carlo Rainaldi
26
2. The Education of the Architect
47
3. Rainaldi & Roman Society: Patrons, Family, & Musical Associates
92
4. Chapels, Altars, & Tombs: Style & Rhetoric
131
5. An Epilogue on the Role of Expression at Santa Maria in Campitelli
189
Conclusion
227
Catalog of Drawings
230
Checklist of Chapel, Altar, & Tomb Designs
273
Appendix of Documents
276
Bibliography
331
Illustrations
366


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