Grant proposal to seek funds for the development and implementation of a peer-mentoring program that targets young African American men, aged 18-25, who are being released from jail for gun-related charges in an effort to reduce gun violence arrest, injury and death rates in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Open Access

Roller, Brandi Lynn (2017)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/bv73c1344?locale=en
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Abstract

Among U.S. residents aged 10-29, homicide is the fourth leading cause of death for non-Hispanic whites and the leading cause for African Americans. Gun violence claims over 30,000 lives annually and cost the U.S. $229 billion. In 2015, Milwaukee, Wisconsin experienced a significant increase in gun violence, reporting 635 nonfatal shootings, up 9 percent from the previous year and 145 homicides, a 69 percent increase. The majority of the victims were young African American men.

Due to the sudden rise in gun violence and homicides, the Wisconsin Department of Corrections seeks funds from The Joyce Foundation to develop and implement a peer-mentoring program called GUNS (Greater Understanding of Nonviolent Solutions) to reduce gun violence arrest, injury and death rates among African American men, aged 18-25, in Milwaukee. The GUNS program is adapted from a successful initiative in Richmond, California that uses reformed ex-convicts as mentors. The objective of the GUNS program is to change young men's behaviors, perceptions and beliefs towards guns through mentorship, to reduce incidence of arrests, injury and death associated with guns and to reduce the costs to the city caused by gun violence. Data will be collected through pre and post questionnaires, interviews, criminal records and a process and outcomes evaluation will be conducted to determine program effectiveness.

African American men, both in the U.S. and Wisconsin, are disproportionately affected by gun violence and are often the most difficult demographic to reach with preventive gun violence strategies. When considering the causes of gun violence, we must evaluate the environment, social determinants and policies in order to understand the root causes of the problem. Gun violence research has been limited for two decades due to the strong hold the National Rifle Association has on Federal funding, creating a major barrier to prevention efforts. Peer-mentorship programs have been successful in addressing the environmental, social, cultural, emotional and economically driven factors that result in gun violence. Mentorship programs, such as GUNS, provides a nontraditional approach supported by theories and evidence-based practices to target those most at-risk for being involved or falling victim to gun violence.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1 Introduction and Rationale ......................................................................................................... 1 Problem Statement ..................................................................................................................... 4 Purpose Statement ..................................................................................................................... 7 Theoretical Framework ............................................................................................................... 7 Significance Statement ............................................................................................................. 15 Description of the Project ......................................................................................................... 16 Chapter 2: Review of the Literature ................................................................................ 26 Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 26 Review of the Literature ........................................................................................................... 28 Summary of Current Problem & Study Relevance ............................................................... 46 Chapter 3: Methodology .................................................................................................... 50 Summary of the Grant Announcement ................................................................................... 50 Funding Agencies that Typically Address Gun Violence Prevention ................................. 51 The Joyce Foundation Grant Making Process ...................................................................... 59 Methodology of the Grant Review Process ........................................................................... 61 Grant Proposal Reviewers ....................................................................................................... 64 Protection of Human Subjects ................................................................................................. 68 Chapter 4: Incorporation of Reviewer Comments ....................................................... 79 Reviewer 1 Comments: Dan Rutz ........................................................................................... 80 Reviewer 2 Comments: Vanessa Briggs................................................................................ 83 Reviewer 3 Comments: Princess Jackson ............................................................................ 84 Reviewer 4 Comments: Kerry Bonhag ................................................................................... 87 Reviewer 5 Comments: Jill Schmid ........................................................................................ 90 Chapter 5: Final Version of Grant Proposal .................................................................. 94 Executive Summary .................................................................................................................. 96 Information on the Project ...................................................................................................... 100 Description of the Organization ............................................................................................. 118 Itemized Project Budget ......................................................................................................... 120 Key Project Contacts and their Qualifications ..................................................................... 125 Board Members ....................................................................................................................... 131 Appendix A: Life Map ....................................................................................................... 133 Appendix B: GUNS Logic Model ................................................................................... 136 Appendix C: GUNS Organizational Chart .................................................................... 137 References .......................................................................................................................... 138

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