A Rivalry Ended? France and Austria during the Diplomatic Revolution and Seven Years War, 1756-1758 公开

Cooper, Kirsten (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/br86b4487?locale=zh
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Abstract

Abstract


A Rivalry Ended? France and Austria during the Diplomatic Revolution and Seven Years War,
1756-1758


After more than two hundred and fifty years of rivalry, France and Austria concluded an
alliance. Known as the Diplomatic Revolution of 1756, it redrew the traditional political
alignments in Europe. With this thesis, I investigated some of the effects that the tradition of
animosity had on the relationship between the newly created allies during the Seven Years War
(1756-1763). The years of rivalry contributed to a virulent tradition of mistrust and suspicion,
which was colored by specific political stereotypes garnered from years of conflict. I used
diplomatic correspondence, gathered through archival research and published sources, from
political elites in each state. By looking at the diplomatic correspondence of three of these actors,
Maria Theresa, Kaunitz, and Bernis, we can see how this tradition of distrust influenced the
political relationship between France and Austria. The Seven Years War placed a significant
amount of stress on the new relationship and created opportunities for this tradition of distrust to
color interactions. By analyzing how these three individuals discussed the actions of the other
country and what motivations they assigned to these actions, we can see that the rivalry was still
extremely potent, even during the alliance. This not only highlights the effects of one of Europe's
longest and most vicious rivalries, one which is often undervalued, but it also demonstrates the
value of exploring the relationship between political events and intellectual, cultural, and social
trends as mutually influential factors that shape history.

Table of Contents


Table of Contents

Introduction: End of a Rivalry?...................................................................................................... 1
Chapter 1: Rivalry and Alliance.................................................................................................... 14
Chapter 2: Austria......................................................................................................................... 38
Chapter 3: France......................................................................................................................... 58
Epilogue: Rivalry Continues......................................................................................................... 80
Bibliography................................................................................................................................. 87





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