Maternal Depression, Marital Satisfaction, and Internalizing Behaviors at Age 20 Open Access

Wang, Christine Hannah (2011)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/br86b364d?locale=en
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Abstract


Abstract
Maternal Depression, Marital Satisfaction, and Internalizing Behaviors at Age 20
By Christine Hannah Wang
This study examined the separate and combined effects of maternal depression and low marital
satisfaction on young adult's internalizing problems. We also examined whether youth social
functioning, attachment style, parent-child relationship, and self-esteem measured during
adolescence would serve as potential mediators of these effects. The sample included 749
Australian mothers and their children who had been followed since pregnancy. The sample was
predominantly white and lower/middle SES. Results indicated that maternal depression and
marital satisfaction had both separate and combined effects on youth internalizing behaviors.
Importantly maternal depression was more strongly associated with internalizing behavior
outcomes in those youth whose parents also reported low levels of marital satisfaction. While
maternal depression was related to mother psychological control, secure attachment, fearful
attachment, and self-esteem and low marital satisfaction was related to father psychological
control, none of these factors explained the effects of maternal depression and low marital
satisfaction on young adult outcomes. The findings are discussed in relation to developmental
theory and as they might pertain to preventative interventions with high risk youth.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover Page ...1
Abstract ...2
Introduction ...3
Methods ...12
Statistical Analysis ...18
Results ...19
Discussion...22
References ...31
Footnotes ... 46
Tables and Figures ...47

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