Bending Boundaries Through Hybrid Media in Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis and rupi kaur's milk and honey 公开

Varzi, Leila Kristiana (2017)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/bk128b701?locale=zh
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Abstract

This honors thesis examines Persepolis (2003) by Marjane Satrapi and milk and honey (2015) by rupi kaur as examples of mixed media feminist texts. Ultimately, I argue that both kaur and Satrapi use different mixed media as a strategy for resisting censorship and reconstructing socially prescribed notions of the female body and story. I consider questions of form in these works on three levels: first, I consider the advantages of using media that feature "text-image hybridity"; second, I consider the implications of using popular and accessible media; and third, I consider the effectiveness of their use of simplicity and abstraction. I consider questions of content in these works on two levels: first, I consider how art and literature function as forms of feminist activism; second, I consider how both women represent the rendering of their personal identities through their work. At the most general level, Persepolis ideologically reframes Western perceptions of Iran as part of the "axis of evil," striving to add a human dimension to the country (Elahi 312). In addition to heretically drawing and writing about faith in her book, Satrapi also attempts to redefine women's role in both Iran and Islam. kaur is similarly subversive in her poems and drawings, striving to reframe dominant perceptions of womanhood, and eliminate taboos surrounding female biology. Her use of social media platforms makes her work even more groundbreaking. This project relies on graphic theory, feminist theory, and critical theory perspectives on mixed media expression to situate kaur and Satrapi in a long line of female artists and activists. Both authors seek to reframe socially constructed expectations through art despite repression, ultimately redefining hegemonic womanhood for themselves.

Table of Contents

Introduction...................................................................................................1

Chapter One: Form........................................................................................11

Section 1: A Case for Popular and Accessible Media ...........................................11

Section 2: Implications of Text/Image Hybridity ................................................18

Section 3: Amplification Through Simplification..................................................35

Chapter Two: Content....................................................................................50

Section 1: Art and Literature as Feminist Activism..............................................50

Section 2: Rendering Personal Identity.............................................................66

Conclusion....................................................................................................93

Notes...........................................................................................................94

Works Cited..................................................................................................96

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