The Impact of Household Registration System on the Economic Role of Social Capital in China Labor Market 公开

Lu, Runjing (2014)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/b8515n63m?locale=zh
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Abstract

This paper focuses on the role of social capital in China's labor market in the background of Household registration System (Hukou System). By employing Urban Individual Income, Consumption, and Employment Data in CHIP (2002), I study the interacting effects between Hukou system and social capital. My results suggest that urban individuals with different hukou status, either the current status or the status at birth, have relatively same amount of social capital and social capital of the same quality. Nonetheless, rural migrant women take advantage of social capital far more often than others during job search. My results also show that social capital has a positive impact on urban residents' hourly wages, regardless of their hukou status. However, the rate of return on social capital is higher for male rural migrants than men born with urban hukou.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Introduction...........................................................................................................................................1

II. Literature Review....................................................................................................................................4

III. Data....................................................................................................................................................7

A. Data Description and Social Capital Index.....................................................................................................7

B. Means of the Independent and Dependent Variables......................................................................................11

IV. Methodologies.......................................................................................................................................15

V. Results.................................................................................................................................................18

A. The Size and Quality of Social Capital.........................................................................................................18

B. Utilization Rate of Social Capital in Job Search..............................................................................................23

C. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages..............................................................................................26

a. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages without Hukou Division...............................................................27

b. The Effects of Social Capital with Hukou Division...........................................................................................28

VI. Conclusions...........................................................................................................................................38

VII. Limitations and Further Improvements.......................................................................................................39

References................................................................................................................................................41

List of Tables

1. Hourly Income and Occupation Type...........................................................................................................10

2. Oaxaca Decomposition.............................................................................................................................11

3. Mean of Selected Variables by Current Hukou...............................................................................................13

4. Mean of Selected Variables by Hukou at Birth...............................................................................................14

5. The Size and Quality of Social Capital (current hukou status)..........................................................................20

6. The Size and Quality of Social Capital (hukou status at birth)..........................................................................21

7. The Utilization Rate of Social Capital in Job Search........................................................................................22

8. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages without Hukou Division...............................................................27

9. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages (hukou status at birth)...............................................................32

10. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages (current hukou status).............................................................33

11. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages without Occupation.................................................................35

12. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages (current hukou status-whole sample)..........................................36

13. The Effects of Social Capital on Hourly Wages (hukou status at birth-whole sample)..........................................37

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