Maternal Employment and Adolescents' Educational Achievement: A Look at the Children of Immigrants 公开

Shiferaw, Leah (2014)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/9s1616627?locale=zh
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Abstract

Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, this paper examines the relationship between maternal employment and the academic achievement of tenth grade students, with a particular focus on how this relationship differs between the children of U.S. natives and the children of immigrants. Maternal employment brings additional income to the household, which can have beneficial effects on child outcomes. However, employment also reduces the amount of time a mother can spend at home with her children. This study finds that full time maternal employment does not have any significant effect on the academic achievement of second-generation immigrants, but has a small negative impact on GPA and standardized reading scores for the children of U.S. natives. These differences in the effect of maternal employment may occur because of differences in attitudes, preferences and time use between immigrant and native parents.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction.................................................................................................................1
II. Literature Review.........................................................................................................5
III. Theoretical Framework.................................................................................................8

IV. Data and Empirical Strategy.........................................................................................11

V. Results.....................................................................................................................18

VI. Discussion................................................................................................................21

References....................................................................................................................24

Tables..........................................................................................................................26

Table 1: Sample Means and Standard Deviations of All Variables, by Immigrant Status.................27

Table 2: Sample Means of Selected Variables, by Maternal Work Status....................................29

Table 3: OLS Estimates Predicting Standardized Reading Score................................................30

Table 4: OLS Estimates Predicting Standardized Mathematics Score.........................................31

Table 5: OLS Estimates Predicting High School Grade Point Average (GPA).................................32

Table 6: OLS Estimates for the Effect of Full-Time Maternal Employment...................................33

Table 7: The Effect of Full-Time Maternal Employment, by Mother's Education............................34

Appendix.......................................................................................................................37

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