Prosecuting War Criminals in Bosnia and Herzegovina Open Access

Campbell, Colleen Marie (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/765372252?locale=en
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Abstract

Abstract
Prosecuting War Criminals in Bosnia and Herzegovina

This study empirically evaluates the relationship between post-conflict justice and
reconciliation by assessing the impact of war crimes trials on processes of local reconciliation
across sub-national units in post-conflict Bosnia. The study finds that post-conflict justice
positively impacts reconciliation in municipalities that experienced the most severe violence of
the war, while providing no significant impact in municipalities that experienced less violence
and potentially an adverse impact in municipalities that experienced the absolute least amount of
wartime violence. These results suggest the need for a more complex theory of the relationship
between reconciliation and post-conflict justice.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction................................................................................................................. 1

Literature Review.......................................................................................................... 4

Hypothesis................................................................................................................. 13

Research Design and Methods....................................................................................... 22

Quantitative Analysis................................................................................................... 31

Conclusion.................................................................................................................. 66

Appendix.................................................................................................................... 69

Notes......................................................................................................................... 76

References.................................................................................................................. 77

List of Tables

Table 1: Visual Representation of Hypotheses.................................................................. 20

Table 2: A Comparison of Wartime Violence and Support for Ultranationalist Parties............. 33

Table 3: Prosecution Rate and Wartime Violence Municipal Group Comparison..................... 34

Table 4: Prosecution Rate and Urbanization Municipal Group Comparison............................ 35

Table 5: Beta Coefficients and Standard Error for Models 1 and 2....................................... 38

Table 6: Marginal Effects of Prosecution Rate at Different Values of Wartime Violence........... 39

Table 7: A Model for High Violence Municipalities............................................................. 40

List of Figures

Chart 1: Diversity of Support for Ultranationalist Parties.................................................... 31

Chart 2: Severity of Sentences and Wartime Violence Municipal Group Comparison............... 37

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