Cultural Differences in Parental Responsibility Assignment for Misbehavior: China and the U.S. Open Access

He, Tianyu (2015)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/707958206?locale=en
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Abstract

Although scholars often attribute the academic and economic success of Asian Americans (especially compared to other racial and ethnic groups) to the strict parenting and other cultural values of Asians, little research examines attributions for negative behaviors. This study compares the impact of Western and Asian parenting and associated cultural values on perceived responsibility for misbehavior of children at different ages (12, 22, 32, 42). East Asian (Chinese) and Western (U.S.) study participants responded to vignettes of misbehavior. Results showed that Chinese perceivers, in response to misbehavior, assign more responsibility to parents and anticipate a greater loss of status for parents than U.S. perceivers. The results further showed that the influence of a child's misbehavior on the parents are moderated by the child's age, such that an elder adult child still has an impact on responsibility assignment to and the anticipated status loss for parents from the perspective of Chinese, but not American, participants. The implications of these findings on racial differences in life outcomes are discussed in this paper.

Table of Contents

Introduction ........................................................................ 2

Background ......................................................................... 3

Method ................................................................................ 11

Results ................................................................................. 18

Discussion............................................................................ 37

Appendix A........................................................................... 43

Appendix B........................................................................... 46

References ........................................................................... 48

List of Tables/Figures

Table 1a Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Responsibility Assignment to Individual (P. 20)
Table 1b Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Responsibility Assignment to Organization (P. 21)

Table 1c Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Responsibility Assignment to Parents (P. 23)
Table 1d Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Responsibility Assignment to Parenting during Childhood (P. 24)

Table 1e Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Responsibility Assignment to Parental Support during Adulthood (P. 24)
Table 2a Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Anticipated Status Loss for Parents (P. 25)

Table 2b Means (Standard Deviations) and ANCOVA for the Effects of Culture, Age and Their Interaction on Anticipated Status Loss for Grandparents (P. 26)
Table 3 Means (Standard Deviations) and ANOVA for the Effects of Culture on Perceived Age of Children When Parents and Grandparents Are "Off the Hook" (P. 27)

Table 4 Regression Results of Mediating effects of IND-COL on Responsibility Assignment: Shoplifting (P. 29)
Table 5 Regression Results of Mediating effects of IND-COL on Anticipated Status Loss: Shoplifting (P. 30)

Table 6 Regression Results of Mediating effects of IND-COL on Responsibility Assignment: Fighting (P. 31)
Table 7 Regression Results of Mediating effects of IND-COL on Anticipated Status Loss: Fighting (P. 32)

Table 8 Regression Results of Mediating effects of AHS on Responsibility Assignment (P. 34)
Table 9 Regression Results of Mediating effects of AHS on Anticipated Status Loss (P. 35)
Table 10 Regression Results of Mediating effects of IND-COL and AHS on Responsibility Assignment (P. 36)
Table 11 Regression Results of Mediating effects of IND-COL and AHS on Anticipated Status Loss (P. 35)

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