Factors associated with the pre-travel health preparation of the 2011 internationally traveling population of New Jersey Open Access

Stoney, Rhett James (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/5x21tf91n?locale=en
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Abstract

Abstract
Factors associated with the pre-travel health preparation of the 2011 internationally
traveling population of New Jersey
The number of travelers crossing international borders has increased steadily over
the past fifty years, from 25 million international tourist arrivals in 1950, to 935 million
in 2009.(1) International travelers may be susceptible to unique health risks based on
several factors including their destination and their purpose of travel. Though more
people are traveling internationally, few seek pre-travel health advice before departure.
Data from 843 New Jersey adults who reported traveling internationally in the past 12
months were derived from a state-added travel medicine module on the 2011 Behavioral
Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Logistic regression was utilized to examine
factors associated with attendance at a pre-travel health consultation. Overall, 14% of
travelers attended a pre-travel health consultation. Those traveling to a high-risk
destination were 4.3 times more likely to seek a pre-travel consultation than those
traveling to a low risk country after adjusting for other factors. Although travelers going
to a medium risk country made up the largest group of travelers, only 11% attended a
pre-travel consultation. Despite risks involved in international travel, pre-travel health
consultation attendance remains low.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abstract...1
Background...2
Aims...9
Methods...10
Results...14
Discussion...18
Public Health Implications and Future Directions...20
References...25
Tables...27
Appendices...31


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