Evaluating The Muslim Brotherhood's Compatibility With Democracy: An Examination of the Ideologies of Hasan Al-Banna, Seyyid Qutb, and Essam El-Erian 公开

Kumar, Medhini (2012)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/5425kb05q?locale=zh
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Abstract

The main objective of this thesis is to determine whether or not the Muslim Brotherhood upholds its claim of being a democratic group. In order to prove whether the Brotherhood has ever been or could be a democratic group, this study looks at three representative leaders and examines their upbringing, ideology, and goals. The three representative leaders are Hasan Al-Banna, the founder of the Brotherhood, Seyyid Qutb, an influential leader, and Essam El-Erian, the Vice Chairman of the Freedom and Justice Party, a recently elected parliament member, and a current member of the Guidance Council. This study finds that historically the Muslim Brotherhood has been exhibited aspects of democratic tenets during specific time periods. Under Hasan Al-Banna the Brotherhood best aligned with the system of guardianship, an adversary of democracy that calls for a small elite, educated group to use its best judgment to advise and administer the state. Seyyid Qutb was determined to be the anomaly within the Brotherhood and encouraged radical Islamicism. Lastly, in modern times, under Essam El-Erian, the Brotherhood can be considered a form of protective democracy. Ultimately, the Brotherhood's claims of being a democratic group are partially supported. By analyzing influential leaders' ideologies within the Muslim Brotherhood and categorizing the type of governmental system the Muslim Brotherhood best falls under, this study lays the groundwork for further research and analysis in determining the credibility and motives of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………...…1
Chapter 1: Examining the Muslim Brotherhood Under Hasan Al-Banna………………………………………....20
Chapter 2: Examining the Muslim Brotherhood Under Seyyid Qutb……………..……………………………..….36
Chapter 3: Examining Essam El-Erian's Ideology and the Muslim Brotherhood Today……….……....…64
Conclusion……………………………………..……………………………………………………………...............................…..77
Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………….............................………….…83




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