Psychopathy and Pride: Implications for Antisocial and Proocial Behavior Open Access

Unterberger, Ansley Alma (2016)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/4q77fr85c?locale=en
Published

Abstract

Abstract

Psychopathy and Pride: Implications for Antisocial and Prosocial Behavior
By Ansley Unterberger

Although many individuals with pronounced psychopathic attributes commit antisocial and criminal acts, others may channel their traits into largely positive avenues, such as leadership and positive risk-taking. Like all those marked by psychopathic traits, the latter individuals sometimes termed "successful psychopaths," possess deficiencies in guilt. Unlike unsuccessful psychopaths, however, they typically learn to inhibit deviant and violent impulses. Because they are lacking in guilt, I propose an alternative emotion, namely pride, may help explain the behavioral differences between successful and criminal psychopaths. Recently, studies suggest that pride encompasses two facets: authentic and hubristic. The former relates to genuine, earned self-worth, the latter to unwarranted narcissism. I hypothesized that among psychopathic individuals with high fearless dominance levels (a) authentic pride would serve as a protective factor by tamping down risk for antisocial and criminal behavioral and by boosting prosocial behaviors such as leadership and heroism, (b) hubristic pride would augment risk for antisocial and criminal behavior and diminish the likelihood of adaptive behavior, and (c) positive parenting, involving the elimination of corporal punishment, consistent positive reinforcement, and parental involvement, would promote prosocial tendencies by protecting against antisocial behaviors. I tested my hypotheses by administering an online questionnaire composed of numerous personality measures. Bivariate correlation analysis revealed significant differential links between psychopathy components, the two core pride facets, and positive parenting. Despite scattered significant moderation findings, the results were mixed and inconsistent in their direction. The inconsistencies in the moderation analyses raise the possibility that some or even all of the positive findings reflected Type 1 errors. However, many of the interaction terms accounted for 1% or more additional variance, which should be considered theoretically important. Although too small to inform policy, these results may point to important theoretical implications and warrant further exploration.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………………...…1

1.1 What is Psychopathy?...........................................................................................................1

1.2 Quantifying Psychopathy…………………………...……………………………....... 3

1.3 Psychopathy Structure………………………….…………………………………..…4

1.4 Psychopathy Interpretations……………………………….…………………………..6

1.5 Unsuccessful Psychopathy………………………………………………….................7

1.6 Successful Psychopathy…………………………………………………….…...…….8

1.7 Pride………………………………………………………………………….............10

1.8 Positive Parenting…………………………………………...…………………...…..12

1.9 Hypotheses……..…………………………………………………………….............14

2. METHOD………………………………………………………………………………….….14

2.1 Participants……………………………………………………………………...……15

2.2 Questionnaires……………………………………………………………..…………15

2.2.1 The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ)………………………………. 15

2.2.2 Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ)………………………………………….16

2.2.3 7- Authentic and Hubristic Pride Scales…………………………………….……..17

2.2.4 Dispositional Positive Emotions Scale (DPES) ……………………….…………..17

2.2.5 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) ………………………………………….…17

2.2.6 Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) ………………………………………….17

2.2.7 Guilt and Shame Proneness Scale (GASP) ……………………….……………….18

2.2.8 Psychopathic Personality Inventory Revised (PPI-R) …………………………….18

2.2.9 Levenson's Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) ………………..…………….19

2.2.10 Hexaco Personality Inventory (HEXACO) ………………………………...……19

2.2.11 Criminal and Analogous Behavior Scale (CAB) ……………………………...…19

2.2.12 Activity Frequency Inventory (AFI) ……………………………………………..20

3. RESULTS……………………………………………………………………………………..20

3.1 Descriptive Analysis…………………………………………………………………...…20

3.2 Correlation Analysis……………………………………………………………………...21

3.2.1 Psychopathy and Leadership …………………………………………………....................21

3.2.2 Psychopathy, Pride, Positive Parenting, Self Esteem, and Narcissism…………………….23

3.2.3 Psychopathy, Guilt and Shame, and Leadership…………………………………...………24

3.2.4 Psychopathy, Leadership, Criminal Behaviors, and Heroism………………..…………….26

3.2.5 Psychopathy, Pride, Positive Parenting, Self-Esteem, Narcissism, and Guilt and Shame …………..27

3.2.6 Psychopathy and Guilt and Shame…………………………………………..………..28

3.2.7 Psychopathy, Guilt and Shame, Criminal Behaviors, and Heroism…………..…………29

3.3 Moderation Analysis……………………………………………………………….……..31

3.3.1 Findings……………………………………………………………………………...…..…31

3.3.1.1 Moderation Analysis for Fearless Dominance…………………………………………...32

3.3.1.2. Moderation Analysis for Fearlessness…………………………………………………....40

4. DISCUSSION………………………………………………………………………..………. 50

4.1 Correlation and Moderation Analyses………………………………………..……...51

4.2 Implications…………………………………………………………………………..52

4.3 Limitations and Future Directions…………………………………………………...53

4.3.1 Analysis……………………………………………………………….…….……...53

4.3.2 Distribution ………………………………………………………………….…….53

4.3.3 Measures……..…………………………………………………..………………...54

4.3.4 Participants………………………………………………………….……………...55

4.3.5 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………...56

5. REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………………..56

6. APPENDIX……………………………………………………………………………………65

6.1 Consent Form………………………………………………………………………...65

6.2 Consent Form Quiz ……………………………………………………………...…..66

6.3 Measures.………………………………………………………………………….....67

6.3.1 Demographics………………………………………………………………….…..67

6.3.2 Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ)……...………………………….....68

6.3.3 Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ).. ………………………...……….........70

6.3.4 7-Item Authentic and Hubristic Pride Scales……………………...…...………….73

6.3.5 Dispositional Positive Emotions Scale (DPES) …………………...……………..74

6.3.6 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) ……………………………………...…......74

6.3.7 Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) …………………………..……………...75

6.3.8 Guilt and Shame Proneness Scale (GASP) ………………………………...….....77

6.3.9 Levenson's Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) ………………………….......80

6.3.10 Psychopathic Personality Inventory Revised (PPI-R) ……………..………….....81

6.3.11 Criminal and Analogous Behavior Scale (CAB) ……………………...……........89

6.3.12 HEXACO Personality Inventory (HEXACO) …………..……………...……......94

6.3.13 Activity Frequency Inventory (AFI) ………………………………………….....99

Figures

1. DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS…………………………………………………………………20

1.1 Table A: The sample size, range, mean, and standard deviation for the core measures administered in "Pride and Personality…………………………………...……………………...20

2. CORRELATION ANALYSIS……………………………………………………………...…21

2.1 Table 1:Bivariate Correlations for MLQ and PPI-R Scales…………………………………...…21

2. 2 Table 2: Bivariate Correlations between MLQ, PPI-R, Pride, DPES, Positive Parenting, RSES, and NPI Scales…………………………..…………………………………………….……………………23

2. 3 Table 3:Bivariate Correlations between MLQ, PPI-R, GASP and LSRP Scales……………………..25

2. 4 Table 4: Bivariate Correlations between MLQ, PPIR, CAB, and AFI Scales …………….…..…26

2. 5 Table 5: Bivariate Correlations between GASP, LSRP, Pride, DPES, APQ-Positive Parenting, RSES, and NPI Scales……………………………………………………………………………...27

2. 6 Table 6: Bivariate Correlations between GASP and LSRP Scales…………………………………...29

2. 7 Table 7: Bivariate Correlations between CAB, GASP, LSRP, and AFI Scales…………………..30

3. MODERATION ANALYSIS…………………………………………………………………31

3.1 Fearless Dominance Figures…………………………………………………………32

3.1.1 Table 1a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between

Fearless Dominance and AFI…………………………………………………………..33

3.1.2 Table 2a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between

Fearless Dominance and AFI……………………………………………………….…33

3.1.3 Table 3a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between

Fearless Dominance and AFI……………………………………………………….…33

3.1.4 Table 4a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Transformational Leadership……………………………………………………………………...33

3.1.5 Table 5a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Transformational Leadership……………………………………………………………………...34

3.1.6 Table 6a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Transformational Leadership………………………………………………………...……………34

3.1.7. Table 6a-1: Moderation Effect above Median (18.5973) ……………………………….…34

3.1.7.1 Table 6a-2 Moderation Effect below the Median (18.5973) ……………………34

3.1.8 Graph 6a-1: Moderation Effect above Median (18.5973) ………………….………………35

3.1.8.1 Graph 6a-2 (Right): Moderation Effect below the Median (18.5973) ………….35

3.1.9 Table 7a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Transactional Leadership………………………………………………………………………….35

3.1.10 Table 7a-1: Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063) ………………..…………...…...36

3.1.10.1 Table 7a-: Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) ……………..…...…...36

3.1.11 Graph 7a-1: Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063)………………………………... 36

3.1.11.1 Graph 7a-2: Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) ….....….………...…36

3.1.12 Table 8a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Transactional Leadership……………………………………………………………………….…36

3.1.13 Table 9a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Transactional Leadership………………………………………………………………………….36

3.1.14 Table 10a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Substance Abuse…………………………………………………………………………………..37

3.1.15 Table 11a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Substance Abuse………………………………………………………………………………..…37

3.1.16 Table 12a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Substance Abuse…………………………………………………………………………………..37

3.1.17 Table 13a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Antisocial Lifestyle……………………………………………………………...……………..…37

3.1.18 Table 14a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Antisocial Lifestyle……………………………………………………………....…….…………38

3.1.19 Table 15a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Antisocial Lifestyle……………………………………………………………………...………..38

3.1.20 Table 16a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Initiate Partner Violence…………………………………………………………………………..38

3.1.21 Table 17a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Initiate Partner Violence…………………………………………………………………………..38

3.1.22 Table 18a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Initiate Partner Violence…………………………………………...……………………………...39

3.1.23 Table 19a: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Gambling…………………………………………………………………………………...……..39

3.1.24 Table 20a: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Gambling……………………………………………………………………………………...…..39

3.1.25 Table 21a: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearless Dominance and Gambling………………………………………………………………………………………….40

3.2 Fearlessness Figures …………………………………………………………………40

3.2.1 Table 1b: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and AFI….......40

3.2.2 Table 2b:Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness AFI…………...40

3.2.3 Table 3b:Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and AFI…....41

3.2.4 Table 4b: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Transformational Leadership……………………………………………………………………...41

3.2.5 Table 4b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063)…………………………………...41

3.2.5.1 Table4b-2: Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) …..…………………...41

3.2.6 Graph 4b-1 Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063)………………….………………..42

3.2.6.1 Graph 4b-2 : Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) ……...……………...42

3.2.7 Table 5b: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Transformational Leadership……………………………………………………………………...42

3.2.8 Table 6b: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Transformational Leadership……………………………………………………………………...42

3.2.9 Table 6b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (18.5973)……………….…………………..43

3.2.9.1 Table 6b-2 (Right): Moderation Effect below Median (18.5973)…….………....43

3.2.10 Graph 6b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (18.5973) ………………...…….....……...43

3.2.10.1 Graph 6b-2: Moderation Effect below Median (18.5973)………………..…....43

3.2.11 Table 7b: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Transactional Leadership………………………………………………………………………….44

3.2.12 Table 7b-1 Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063) ………………….…….....……...44

3.2.12.1 Table 7b-2 : Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) ………….....……....44

3.2.13 Graph 7b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063) ..……………..………………...44

3.2.13.1 Graph 7b-2: Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) ..…………………...44

3.2.14 Table 8b: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Transactional Leadership……………………………………………………………………..…...45

3.2.15 Table 9b: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Transactional Leadership……………………………………………………………………..…...45

3.2.16 Table 9b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (18.5973) ………………….……………...45

3.2.16.1 Table 9b-2: Moderation Effect below Median (18.5973)……………………...45

3.2.17 Graph 9b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (18.5973) ……..…………….........…........46

Graph 9b-2 : Moderation Effect below……..……………....………………………………........46

3.2.18 Table 10b:Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Initiate Partner Violence………………………...…………………………………………………….......46

3.2.19 Table 10b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063) …….………………..…….......46

3.2.19.1 Table 10b-2: Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) …….………….......46

3.2.20 Graph 10b-1: Moderation Effect above Median (20.9063) ………………..………….......47

3.2.20.1 Graph 10b-2: Moderation Effect below Median (20.9063) ……………….......47

3.2.21 Table 11b: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Initiate Partner Violence …………………………………...…..……………………………………........47

3.2.22 Table 12b: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Initiate Partner Violence ………………………………...……………………..……………………........47

3.2.23 Table 13b: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Antisocial Lifestyle……………………...………………………………………………………………........48

3.2.24 Table 14b: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Antisocial Lifestyle………………………...……………………………………………………………........48

3.2.25 Table 15b: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Antisocial Lifestyle……………...………………………………………………………………..48

3.2.26 Table 16b: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Gambling

…………………………………………………………………………………….........................48

3.2.27 Table 17b: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Gambling

……………………………………………………………………………………….....................49

3.2.28 Table 18b: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Gambling ……………………………………………………………………………………........49

3.2.29 Table 19b: Authentic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Substance Abuse………………………………………………………………………………………….......49

3.2.30 Table 20b: Hubristic Pride Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Substance Abuse……………………………………………………………………...……………………....49

3.2.31 Table 21b: Positive Parenting Moderation of Interaction between Fearlessness and Substance Abuse…………………………………………………………………………………..50

4. SUPPLIMENTARY TABLES………………………………………………………………102

4.1 Table B: Bivariate Correlation between Pride, DPES, Positive Parenting, RSES, and NPI Scales…………………..………………………………….…….………………....102

4.2 Table C: Bivariate Correlations between CAB, AFI, Pride, DPES, Positive Parenting, RSES, and NPI Scales………………………………………………..…………………103

About this Honors Thesis

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
School
Department
Degree
Submission
Language
  • English
Research field
Keyword
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
Last modified

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files