Self-Assessed Emotion Recognition Skill and Social Adjustment among College Students Público

Ammirati, Rachel Jeanne (2013)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/4m90dw07p?locale=es
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Abstract

Models of social information processing suggest that a variety of perceptual and cognitive skills may interact to influence a person's level of social adjustment (Crick & Dodge, 1994). Although research has demonstrated that the ability to accurately recognize emotional cues is important for successful social adjustment (Nowicki, 2013; Rosenthal et al., 1979), it is not yet known how the level of awareness of one's own emotion recognition skill contributes to this association. That is the purpose of the present study. Participants were 158 male and female college students who provided self-ratings of their own facial and vocal emotion recognition skill, personality characteristics, and feelings of loneliness and connectedness to the social environment. Participants' facial and vocal emotion recognition skill was assessed via the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy, second edition (DANVA2), and their likability was rated by their peers. Consistent with predictions, results indicated that self-rated and performance measures of emotion recognition skill were not correlated strongly. When the relation between self-rated and performance measures of emotion recognition skill was further examined, some patterns consistent with the Dunning-Kruger effect (Dunning, 2011) emerged, such that the poorest performers overestimated their actual skills in contrast to top performers who underestimated their actual skills. Findings also suggested that more inaccurate self-ratings of actual facial emotion recognition skill (i.e., larger discrepancies between actual and self-rated performance) were associated with poorer social adjustment, even after controlling for relevant personality characteristics and performance on the DANVA2. However, this latter finding emerged only for men. It was concluded that future research should focus on why awareness of one's own emotion recognition skill may be more important for men.

Table of Contents

Introduction ................................................................1

Method .....................................................................16

Results .....................................................................34

Discussion .................................................................49

References ................................................................64

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Appendix A ...............................................................133

Appendix B ...............................................................135

Appendix C ...............................................................137

Appendix D ...............................................................138

Appendix E ...............................................................139

Appendix F ...............................................................141

Appendix G ...............................................................143

Appendix H ...............................................................144

Appendix I ................................................................145

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