A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Law Enforcement Training to Reduce the Deaths of Mentally Ill Citizens in Altercations in the United States Open Access

Tawwab, nuri tawwab (2017)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/2f75r8943?locale=en
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Abstract

Introduction: In 2015, 991 people were killed by law enforcement officers in the United States, and 254 of them had signs of mental illness. To combat this, since 1988, many police departments have required officers to complete Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) trainings. This systematic review examines the results of the trainings nationally to see if they are significantly effective in reducing the number of deaths of mentally ill citizens in altercations with law enforcement. Methods: Retrospective and prospective studies from search engines including PubMed and EBSCOhost were collected and were then narrowed down to the most relevant studies based on exclusion criteria. Results: Ten articles directly related to studies on reducing the deaths of mentally ill citizens were found. Significant information included P-values of less than 0.05. Discussion: After reviewing the 10 articles, clear evidence showed that CIT training teaches officers alternative behavior for dealing with mentally ill offenders, including increasing referrals to mental health facilities and fewer arrests. This can directly lead to a reduction in shootings, which has been a public health problem. These findings validate the suggestion that more police forces should invest in CIT training.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Introduction......................................................Page 08

a. Definition of Terms............................................Page 09

II. Review of Literature...........................................Page 11

a. Introduction......................................................Page 11

b. BodyofReviewofLiterature....................................Page12

i. Victimization of the Mentally ill..............................Page12

  1. Current Training...........................................Page 13

  2. Limited Training still a Possibility.....................Page 16

  1. Methodology, Data Collection, & Analysis.........Page 18

    1. Literature Search Methodology..............,Page 18

    2. Data extraction and quality assurance.....Page 20

    3. Analysis Plan.......................................Page 20

  2. Results........................................................Page 22

  3. Discussion...................................................Page 28

    1. Major Themes......................................Page 28

    2. Limitations..........................................Page 29

    3. Future Recommendations......................Page 30

  4. Appendix.....................................................Page 32

    References...................................................Page 39

Illustrations:
Figure 1:..............................................................Page 21

Table 1:................................................................Page 24

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