Levels of Sedentary Activity among Adolescent Boys and Girls in Bijapur, India Open Access

Jama, Amal Osman (2013)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/2514nk83m?locale=en
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Abstract


Background: Sedentary activity is one of the modifiable behavioral risk factors for Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) and has contributed significantly to the worldwide epidemic of overweight and obese children in both developed and developing countries. Specifically, high sedentary activity levels during childhood and adolescence has been known to increase cardio-metabolic risk factors in adulthood. Many studies conducted in the west and even the few conducted in India have shown gender and socioeconomic status to be determinants of the adolescents' levels of sedentary activity, but whether this is the case in the evolving city of Bijapur, India is largely unknown. Objective: To identify what the levels of sedentary activity are among adolescent boys and girls and to explore whether there are differences in sedentary activity levels based on gender and whether the child attends private or public school in Bijapur, India. Methods: STATA 12 was used to provide descriptive analysis on the 24 hour time use survey that was conducted on the 407 adolescent boys and girls. The adolescents were between the ages 12 and 17 years and came from 6 different schools, including 3 public and 3 private schools in the city of Bijapur city, India. Two-sided t-tests were done between the different activities between boys and girls and between public school and private school. Results: Girls spent more bouts engaging in TV watching, sitting or standing while traveling compared to boys. Of the people who reported the sedentary activity of sitting in class at school, 58% were from private schools and 42% from public schools. Private school adolescents had a several significant differences in mean duration time of certain activities conducted while at school. Discussion: As expected and found in previous research, girls engaged in more bouts and longer durations of sedentary activity than boys for selected sedentary activities. Most adolescents engaged in most of their sedentary activities while at school through activities such as sitting in class at school, homework, and tutoring. In contrast, for other activities like tutoring and playing on the computer, boys spend longer durations engaging in these activities.



Table of Contents


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Conceptual Framework 5
Chapter 2: Review of the Literature 6
2.1 Definition of Sedentary Activities 6
2.2 Sedentary Activity versus Physical Activity 7
2.3 Declining Physical Activity during Adolescence 9
2.4 Sedentary Activities as Cardio-metabolic Risk Factors 10
2.4 Sedentary Activity Patterns in Adolescents in Western Settings 11
2.5 Sedentary Activity Patterns Adolescents in India 11
2.6 Gender and Sedentary Activity in Western Settings 12
2.7 Gender and Sedentary Activity in India 13
2.8 Sedentary Activity and SES in Western Settings 14
2.9 Sedentary Activity and SES in India 15
2.9.1 Objective and Subjective Measurement of Sedentary Activities 16
Chapter 3: Methods and Results
3.1 Methods 17
3.2 Results 25
Chapter 4: Discussion and Conclusion 36
References 39
Appendix A 41
24-Hour Recall 41


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