Reading John 11:1-12:11 through the Lens of the Resurrection in 1 Enoch Open Access

Azuma, Yoshimi (2015)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/1j92g818v?locale=en
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Abstract

This study argues that reading John 11:1-12:11 through the lens of the resurrection in 1 Enoch retrieves the cosmic and futuristic aspects of salvation in John. To prove this thesis, this dissertation uses literary and comparative methods. First, this study reads the resurrection passages in 1 Enochto identify the four categories--Form, Space, Scope and Time--as the major dynamics that capture the way the resurrection is spoken of. This study also identifies two broad types of resurrection in 1 Enoch: Type 1 resurrection has bodily form, communal scope, and the earthly space. The future functions as a distinctive transitional point. Type 2 resurrection has spiritual form, individual scope, and heavenly space. The future and the present are juxtaposed in a stronger way. This study, then, reads the resurrection passages in John 5 and 6 that make the first references to the general resurrection in John and play an essential role for the interpretation of the Lazarus narrative. The study demonstrates that in John 5 and 6, the signs and discourse together constitute a narrative that develop the theme of the resurrection and that they function both as internal and external prolepses. Also, the study argues that resurrection in John 5 and 6 stands within the apocalyptic tradition on resurrection, combining the two types of resurrection. Finally, reading John 11:1-12:11 with the four categories demonstrates that continuing from John 5 and 6, Lazarus' resurrection stands within the apocalyptic tradition on resurrection, combining the two types of resurrection. John 5, 6, and Lazarus' resurrection show physical form, earthly space and communal scope as in Type 1 resurrection. At the same time, they also show individual scope and a stronger juxtaposition of the present and future as in Type 2 resurrection. John stands within the apocalyptic tradition ofresurrection and shows a unique combination of the two resurrection types. Individual scope is spoken of simultaneously with the communal and cosmic scopes. Reading the Lazarus narrative through the lens of the resurrection in 1 Enoch retrieves the cosmic and futuristic aspects of salvation in John.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Literature Review

1.2.1. Johannine Eschatology

1.2.2. The Gospel of John and Apocalyptic Literature

1.3. Method

1.4. Structure of Study

2. Resurrection in 1 Enoch 2.1. Introduction

2.2. The Book of Watchers

2.2.1. 1 Enoch 22

2.2.2. 1 Enoch 24:2-25:7

2.2.3. Summary

2.3. Animal Apocalypse 2.4. The Epistles of Enoch

2.4.1. 1 Enoch 92:1-5

2.4.2. 1 Enoch 102:4-104:8

2.4.3. 1 Enoch 104:1-6

2.4.4. 1 Enoch 108

2.4.5. Summary

2.5. The Book of Parables

2.5.1 1 Enoch 51

2.5.2. 1 Enoch 62

2.5.3. Summary

2.6. Conclusion

3. Resurrection in John 5 and John 6

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Narrative Prolepses

3.3. John 5:19-29

3.3.1. Narrative Context

3.3.2. Structure

3.3.3. Prolepses

3.3.4. Form

3.3.5. Space

3.3.6. Scope

3.3.7. Time

3.3.8. Summary

3.4. John 6:26-53

3.4.1. Narrative Context

3.4.2. Structure

3.4.3. Prolepses

3.4.4. Form

3.4.5. Space

3.4.6. Scope

3.4.7. Time

3.4.8. Summary

3.5. Conclusion 4. The Resurrection of Lazarus in John 11:1-12:11 4.1. Introduction

4.2. Narrative Context

4.2.1. Narrative Unit

4.2.2. Anticipation of the Resurrection of Lazarus

4.2.3. Aftermath of the Resurrection of Lazarus

4.3. Literature Review 4.4. Form 4.5. Space 4.6. Scope 4.7. Time 4.8. Conclusion 5. Conclusion Bibliography

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