Investigating Associations between Model-based Reinforcement Learning and Model-based Navigation 公开

Choi, Heejae (2017)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/1c18dg55j?locale=zh
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Abstract

Model-based and model-free reinforcement learning and boundary-based and landmark-based learning are conceptually similar in that model-based and boundary-based systems pay attention to the overall structure and environment, while model-free and landmark-based systems focus on a reward or landmark when making a decision. The brain regions that are activated by the two reinforcement learning systems are also in parallel with the two spatial learning systems. Model-based learnings involves prefrontal cortices and hippocampi, which are also activated by boundary-based learning. Model-free learning induces activity in the dorsolateral striatum, ventral striatal projections and putamen activities, while landmark-based learning induces activity in the dorsolateral striatum. In the current study, we examined the behavioral correlation between model-based/model-free reinforcement learning and boundary/landmark based spatial learning, in order to investigate whether or not there is a domain general cognitive system that supports both model-based/boundary-based learning and model-free/landmark-based learning. Model-based and model-free learning was assessed with the two-stage decision task, and boundary and landmark-based learning was assessed with the boundary-landmark task. We tested 26 participants, and no significant correlation was found between model-based decision-making characteristics and boundary-based spatial learning. There was no significant correlation between model-free decision-making characteristics and landmark-based spatial learning. However, model-free learning indicators showed negative correlation with the average error rate in the boundary-landmark task, and the model-based indicator also showed a positive correlation with the average error rate in the boundary-landmark task. This indicates that increased reliance on the model-free decision making was associated with better performance on the spatial learning task.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Introduction 1

II. Methods 7

A. Participants 7

B. Behavioral Tasks 7

a. Two-stage Task 7

b. Boundary-Landmark Task 8

c. Scene-face Attention Task 9

d. Self-report Questionnaires 9

C. Procedures 10

III. Results 11

A. Demographics 11

B. Two-stage task 11

C. Boundary-Landmark Task 14

D. Between-Task Effects 15

a. Correlation between stay probabilities after four trial conditions in the two-stage task & errors and influence in the boundary-landmark task 15

b. Correlation between model-based characteristics in the two-stage task & errors and influence in the boundary-landmark task 16

c. Correlation between model-free characteristics in the two-stage task & errors and influence in the boundary-landmark task 17

E. Scene-Face Attention Task 18

IV. Discussion 18

A. Limitations 21

B. Future directions 22

V. Conclusion 24

References Appendices

A. Two-stage task instruction 40

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