Transforming the Sensible: Dilthey and Heidegger on Art Open Access

Hansen, Rebecca Longtin (2014)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/0g354f744?locale=en
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Abstract

This project explains the role art plays in shaping our perception and understanding of the world by tracing the relation between factical life and art in Dilthey's and Heidegger's philosophical works. The facticity of life describes its givenness that is at once not immediately or wholly given, but always open to greater meanings. Life is what is closest to us, and yet most difficult to understand; we are entangled in that which we want to understand. For Dilthey and Heidegger, philosophy must be grounded in the "standpoint of life," i.e. the felt, living perspective of the self that is shaped by the plurality of contexts that form the world. In other words, philosophy must interpret life from life itself. I argue that interpreting life from life itself requires aesthetics because art preserves the complex relations that form the world and makes the significance of these relations more vivid. Rather than abstracting from the sensible and felt qualities of experience by privileging ideas, art delves into their depth. With art, the sensible is meaningful as such, not as a representation of an exterior meaning. Through art we become aware of ourselves as in a world, not simply detached spectators of things. By comparing Dilthey's and Heidegger's approaches to art through their shared concern with facticity, I will argue for the need to develop a factical aesthetics that maintains the irreducible significance of the sensible.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................1

PART I THE PARADOX OF FACTICITY

Chapter One - Re-appropriating Dilthey:

On the Relation between Factical Life and Art........................................................15

1. Early Heidegger's Appropriation of Dilthey (1919 - 1926)

2. Philosophizing from the Standpoint of Life: The Paradox of Factical Life

3. From Factical Life to Art

PART II ART AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF EXPERIENCE

Chapter Two - The Poetic Metamorphosis of Life in Dilthey's Aesthetics...................... 51

1. Art in Crisis and the Task for Aesthetics

2. Feeling and the Formation and Transformation of Lived Experience

3. Poetic Metamorphosis and Dilthey's Hermeneutical Aesthetics

4. The Relation between Factical Art and Life in Dilthey's Later Aesthetics

Chapter Three - The Truth of Art: Heidegger's Transformation of the Sensible............. 105

1. The Transformation of the Sensible in Heidegger's Philosophy of Art

2. Recovering the Thing through the Work of Art

3. The Happening of Truth in the Worlding of the Work of Art

4. Heidegger's Philosophy of Art in Relation to Dilthey

PART III A FACTICAL AESTHETICS

Chapter Four - Interpreting Life from Life Itself ...................................................... 166

1. Dismantling Aesthetic Theory

2. Hoelderlin's Rehabilitation of the Sensible

3. Poetry, Feeling, and the Passion of Facticity

Chapter Five - What is Given in Art? Toward a Factical Aesthetics .............................210

1. What is Given?

2. The Poetics of Space and Time

3. Art and the Transformation of the Sensible

Appendix................. 253

References ............. 255

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