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Rollins School of Public Health

Candler School of Theology

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Exploring Discussions and Communication About Organ Donation Among Minority Family Members

Davis, Mary (2016)
Master's Thesis (87 pages)
Committee Chair / Thesis Adviser: Miner, Kathleen R
Committee Members: Carlson, Lisa M ; Patzer, Rachel Elizabeth
Research Fields: Behavioral sciences; Health sciences; Public health
Partnering Agencies: Does not apply (no collaborating organization)
Keywords: Organ Donation
Program: Rollins School of Public Health, Executive Masters of Public Health (Prevention Science)
Permanent url: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/rrx5r

Abstract

Abstract

Exploring Discussions and Communication About Organ Donation

Among Minority Family Members

Problem/Background: Organ transplantation for patients with end-stage organ failure is a medical procedure that replaces failing organs with healthier organs. Preceding the technique of organ transplantation, organ failure patients had very few choices for treatment. Voluntary altruistic acts of organ donors are the source for most organs recovered for transplant. Failure in family discussion of death planning has contributed to many lost opportunities at saving lives that can only be achieved by donor or family consent. This lack of discussion among minority family members of potential organ donors has created major barriers regarding organ donation. Consequently, the growing shortage of organs has resulted in 22 people per day dying in the United States while waiting for organ transplants.

Key Aims: The purpose of this study was to use secondary data to explore how individuals develop willingness and attitudes to become organ donors. Secondly, how do these individuals overcome barriers and feel comfortable enough to register for organ donation. Lastly, this study explored the various ways families acquire the willingness to register through healthy conversations that promote organ donation.

Methods: A total of 85 peer reviewed articles with 12 core articles regarding the subject of communication and discussion were included in this systematic literature review. The aim of this study was to explore willingness and attitudes toward communication and discussion between family members regarding organ donation among minority populations.

Conclusion: The connection between attitude, willingness, awareness and knowledge were very important in bringing individuals from stages of negativity toward points of willingness to be organ donors. It also showed how critical educational interventions are to overcoming this critical issue. Revisiting all barriers and creating more interventions and in-depth educational programs is necessary for minority families to understand the effects of behaviors and attitudes toward organ donation.

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