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Interview Interruption and Responses to Questions about Experiences of Domestic Violence in India

Rabel, Brenna Victoria (2011)
Master's Thesis (40 pages)
Committee Chair / Thesis Adviser: Argeseanu, Solveig
Committee Members: Stephenson, Robert
Research Fields: Gender Studies; Health Sciences, Public Health; Sociology, Individual and Family Studies
Partnering Agencies: Does not apply (no collaborating organization)
Keywords: domestic violence; India; interview interruption
Program: Rollins School of Public Health, Hubert Department of Global Health
Permanent url: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/93rk4

Abstract

Background. There is little evidence available regarding the ways in which interruptions during sensitive interviews can affect or predict responses to physical and sexual violence-related questions. This is problematic as it is well established that interview environment can greatly influence the type of information gathered from a survey. We expect that interviews that have been interrupted (where privacy has been breached by another adult) will be associated with lower reporting of domestic violence of any kind (less severe and severe physical violence, or sexual violence).
Objectives. To identify the incidence of interruption among currently married Indian women during the domestic violence interview and explore the relationship between interview interruption and the reporting of physical and sexual spousal violence among currently married Indian women.
Methods. Using the Domestic Violence module from the NFHS-3, a sample of 65,610 currently married women aged 15-49 was used to compare reported acts of physical and sexual violence between women who had been interrupted during their interview and women who had not been interrupted during their interview. Logistic regression and multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify these associations.
Results. Interviews interrupted by women are more likely to result in positive responses to severe violence questions (OR 1.311) and sexual violence questions (OR 1.269), while interviews interrupted by men are more likely to result in positive responses only to sexual violence questions (OR 1.305). Neither male- nor female- interrupted interviews were significantly associated with less severe violence in the models.
Conclusions. Contrary to our expectations, findings suggest that interruptions by both males and females lead to greater reporting of domestic violence. Also, female interruptions seem to be more predictive of severe physical violence than male interruptions, while both male and female interruptions are similarly predictive of sexual violence. The mechanisms explaining these findings are unclear, thus highlighting the need for further research on the topic of interview environment and its impact on response patterns and on global estimates of domestic violence prevalence.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE 2
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 3
REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE 6
INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA 6
VIOLENCE AND HEALTH 7
LAWS ABOUT IPV IN INDIA 7
ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR COLLECTING DV AND IPV DATA 9
PROBLEMS IN MEASURING AND REPORTING INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE 11
INTERVIEW ENVIRONMENT 12
METHODS 15
DATA 15
SAMPLE 16
MEASURES 16
VARIABLES 17
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS 19
RESULTS 21
UNIVARIATE ANALYSIS 21
BIVARIATE ANALYSIS 21
MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS 22
DISCUSSION 24
FINDINGS 24
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES 25
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 26
REFERENCES 28
TABLES 30

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