The Old Men and the Sea: An Exploratory Study of Collective Action in Large Scale Resources, International Law, and Nested Enterprises Open Access

Winkle, Philip Mark Browning (2015)

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Fishing communities are about more than fish. They can be microcosms for a larger society working together to overcome collective action problems. Such problems are becoming more and more layered in international law. So if a nation's laws contradict those of international organizations, like the United Nations and the International Court of Justice, will this political environment impact local communities' level of collective action in working with large-scale CPR systems such as fisheries, forestries, or even the global climate? I hypothesize that such a break sends mixed signals to local communities that ultimately hurt collective action. I build from Ostrom's (1990) concept of nested enterprises, and a recent effort to apply her early work to such large-scale resources. This thesis explores collective action in Laayoune and Dakhla, Western Sahara, and Agadir, Morocco, and presents my own field research conducted in the region.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1-4

Literature Review/Theory 4-21

Hypotheses and Overall Prediction 21

Methodology 22-24

Empirical Analysis 24-54

Discussion/Conclusion 54-60

References 61-68

Appendix 1 69-70

Appendix 2 71-81

Appendix 3 82-91

Appendix 4 92-94

Endnotes 95-102

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