Blessing or Curse? The Effect of Foreign Military Aid on the Democratization Process Open Access

Joseph, Katherine Lucy (2015)

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Should ideological values, such as reinforcing democratic regimes, be a priority in the foreign policy agendas of countries like the U.S., or should the security and economic concerns of the donor country surpass the needs of the civilians on the ground in the recipient country? This study contributes to a larger dialogue of the role of military aid in foreign policy, and seeks to discern whether delivering millions of dollars in military aid to developing countries helps these countries build democratic institutions. It begins by showing that there has not been a sufficient and comprehensive investigation into the outcomes of military aid, and then explains the theoretical framework that justifies the belief that receiving military aid would affect a country's level of democracy, explaining the causal mechanisms. It examines the trends in the democracy score of countries that receive military aid and, controlling for external influences to democracy, concludes that foreign military aid has a negative effect on the democracy score of recipient countries.

Table of Contents


Literature Review 4

The History of Aid Research 4

Military Aid in the Cold War Period 5

Military Aid in the Post-Cold War Period 8

Causal Mechanisms 11

Research Design and Data 15

Variables 16

Limitations 25

Results/Empirical Analysis 27

Conclusion 33

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