Young Adult HPV and Influenza Vaccine Coverage: A Comparison across College Enrollment Status Open Access

Mathewson, Kara (Spring 2018)

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Young adulthood is a crucial time for receiving preventive care services, including catch-up human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations and annual influenza vaccinations. Of the 30 million adults aged 18-24 in the United States, approximately 40% are enrolled in post-secondary education. These different sub-groups, college-enrolled and non-enrolled young adults, have varying reasons for receiving and not receiving preventive care services like vaccinations, with access being an important factor. To better understand preventive care use among these groups, we investigated perceptions and behaviors of preventive health care of college enrolled and non-enrolled young adults. We surveyed 417 young adults aged 18-26 over a one-month period by recruiting participants through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) platform. Overall, 49% of participants reported receiving at least one dose of HPV vaccine and 57% reported receiving at least one influenza vaccine over the past three years. Vaccine coverage estimates did not differ between college-enrolled and non-enrolled respondents. The strongest predictors of vaccine receipt included having a provider recommendation for the vaccine as well as having a primary care provider. Additional research is needed to develop interventions to improve vaccination coverage among young adults; both currently enrolled and not enrolled in college.  

Table of Contents

Literature Review  1


            Contribution of Student            5

            Intended Journal for Submission            5

            Introduction            6

            Methods            7

            Results            9

            Discussion            11

References   16 


            Table 1            19

            Table 2            20

            Table 3            21

Appendix A            22


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