Externalized Migration and the Securitization of Health: A case-study of how EU-Moroccan relationships influenced healthcare accessibility within sub-Saharan Migrant Communities in Morocco during the Coronavirus Pandemic Open Access

Haden, Madelyn (Spring 2021)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/q237ht26t?locale=en


Using sub-Saharan migrant communities in Morocco as a case study, this research evaluates how EU-externalization policies contributed to the externalization of migration and the subsequent securitization of migrant health. By conducting a literature review on the current theories of migration and histories of politicization and securitization in the region, holding 27 semi-structured interviews with sub-Saharan migrants and community stakeholders in Morocco, and conducting a large scale financial analysis of the sources of externalization funding in Morocco, this research aims to present the consequences of international policy on personal and intra-communal access to healthcare. Furthermore, this research evaluates the potential of implementing migrant-conscious public health systems within externalized and securitized international systems.

Table of Contents



Introduction: Migrant-Conscious Healthcare in the EU-Moroccan System

Chapter 1: Theories and Legislative Histories

A brief introduction to migration theory

The EU created the current migration framework

Declarations, conventions, and human rights promises regarding healthcare

The government’s role in the rights to health

Politicizing migration

Chapter 2: Migration in Morocco, International, Intraregional, and Domestic Frameworks

Securitizing migration

Externalizing migration

Internationalizing migration

The Western Sahara and the Western Mediterranean Route

Domestic policies and strategies

Regularization and its benefits

Deportations, non-refoulement, and protections

Chapter 3: Analyzing the ODA

EU-externalization policies influence on public health

Data analysis

Chapter 4: Stories of Life and Health During COVID

Interviews: the personal and community-level consequences of externalization

Measurement of integration

Discrimination as the Antithesis of Integration: “Living in Morocco is hell for black

Saharan Africans”

Distrust and rumors

Life during the period of forced confinement:“I say to God ‘when will this be over’ and

then I cry”

Security, arrests, COVID, and migrant health

NGOs and Moussa

Stories of healthcare

Contextualizing the public health system in Morocco

Laayoune: COVID from the administrator’s perspective

Health and migrant rights

Chapter 5: Law, Migrant Conscious Health, and Recommendations

The legality of Morocco’s public health response

ASCOMS, representing domestic critiques of the systems

International critiques of the Morocco’s treatment of Migrants

Conclusion: The Future of Migrant Health in Morocco



About this Honors Thesis

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
  • English
Research Field
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
Last modified

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files