"It is his right." A qualitative exploration of women's attitudes of Intimate Partner Violence in relation to their access to resources in Minya, Egypt Open Access

Khalid, Maryam Jabeen (2013)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/ns064652r?locale=en


Background: In Egypt, there is fairly widespread acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against women. A number of theories explain possible reasons for it, but the process of acquiring enabling resources such as education and employment may empower women to have more agency and to voice non-normative attitudes about IPV.

Goal: The goal of this qualitative study was to develop a local taxonomy of women's attitudes about IPV against women and to compare women's resources and agency across attitudinal groups in Minya, Egypt.

Methods: Grounded theory was used to analyze textual data from 30 semi-structured interviews, among women exposed (n=16) and unexposed (n=14) to physical IPV. Texts were reviewed, memoed, and coded, and women were classified according to an emergent classification scheme reflecting women's attitudes about IPV in local context. The resources and agency of women were compared across attitudinal groups to explore potential reasons for the attitudes they voiced.

Results: Four women were identified as always justifying IPV, 15 expressed "qualified acceptance," and 11 perceived IPV as never acceptable. Those who found it acceptable felt it was the husband's right to be violent; the qualifiers felt abuse was justified to an "extent;" and the others felt the husband lost authority over her if perpetrated abuse. All women thought it was the husband's job to teach his wife what is right and wrong. Whereas some felt that physical reprimanding was fine, others believed wives should be punished only verbally. The women in different attitudinal groups had varying access to resources. Those who felt that IPV was never acceptable overall had the most education, and those who expressed "qualified acceptance" tended to be employed. Access to resources such as education and employment also were linked to companionate financial decisions with their husband in these groups.

Discussion: Supporting resource theorists, the notion that IPV is never acceptable is more common among women with access to resources and agency. Longitudinal research is needed to assess selected inconsistencies between the quantitative versus qualitative results in this study, to determine whether the findings indicate an overall change in attitudes towards the perceived acceptability of IPV.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures i
Role in Thesis/Manuscript ii
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
Chapter 2: Comprehensive Review of the Literature 4
Chapter 3: Manuscript 19

Abstract 19
Background 20
Methods 23

Overview 23
Study Setting 24
Study Population and Recruitment 25
Ethical Considerations 27
Data Analysis 27
Results 29
Descriptive Statistics 29
Local Taxonomy of Women's Attitudes about IPV against Women 31
Agency and Resources 36
Discussion 42
Chapter 4: Public Health Implications 53
Appendix 1
Appendix A. Pre- Semi-Structured Interview Questionnaire 1
Appendix B. Semi-Structured Interview Guide 17
Appendix C. Categorization of Case IDs into Attitudinal Groups 21
Appendix D. References 22

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