Factors affecting smoking initiation and cessation among Saudi women attending
smoking cessation clinics
By Yumn Al-Nimr
Background: A description of factors that affect smoking initiation and cessation among Saudi Arabian women is unavailable. This study examines self-reported reasons for smoking initiation and willingness to quit smoking among Saudi women.
Methods: We performed a secondary data analysis on a sample of 2,190 female smokers attending smoking cessation clinics around the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Results: Friends were the most commonly reported reason for initiating smoking, cited as a strong influence by 31.1% of all participants (CI: 29.2%–33.1%[GF1] ). Family members constituted the second most important reason for initiating smoking (8.3%, CI: 7.1%–9.5%). Combining all social influence-based reasons (friends, family, and social imitation), 42.3% of the sample (CI: 40.2%–44.4%) was socially influenced to begin smoking. Regarding factors related to unwillingness to quit, mood change was the most daunting factor to Saudi female smokers considering the cessation of smoking. Health was the most frequently stated reason Saudi women wanted to quit smoking (45.48%, CI: 43.38%–47.59%).
Conclusion: Our results highlight the importance of social influence in driving smoking initiation among Saudi women. Future research efforts should utilize longitudinal methods to assess predictors of smoking cessation and the success of quit attempts.
Table of Contents
Problem Statement 9
Research Question 10
A Review of the Literature 11
Global Perspective 11
Burden of Smoking 11
Overview of Tobacco Products 13
Health Outcomes 14
Smoking Initiation 15
Smoking Cessation 16
Regional Perspective: The Middle East 18
National Perspective: Saudi Arabia 19
Study Design 24
Study Population 24
Data Collection 25
Study Variables 25
Statistical Analysis 27
Reason for Smoking Initiation 28
Willingness and Unwillingness to Quit Smoking 29
Conclusion & Recommendation 38
Recommendation for Future Research 38
Recommendation for the National Smoking Cessation Program 38
Recommendation for Policy Makers 39
About this Master's Thesis
|Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor|
|Factors affecting smoking initiation and cessation among Saudi women attending smoking cessation clinics ()||2018-04-24 14:25:39 -0400||