Journeys of Inclusivity: Feminist Approaches to Protestant Hymnody Open Access

Ware, Sylvia (Spring 2020)

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In this paper, I investigate feminist approaches to Protestant hymnody since the nineteenth century. First, I present a historical background of gender in religion, music, and business. Then, I explore how women contribute to hymnody through inclusive language and introduction of new themes. I focus on hymn writers Ruth Duck and Mary Louise Bringle, champions of the religious inclusivity movement. Lastly, I consider how the field of hymn writing is progressing toward more complex issues and what this means for women in church.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter 1: Historical Backgrounds 19

Chapter 2: Inclusion through Language 29

Chapter 3: Expansion and New Themes 39

Chapter 4: What’s Next? 56

Conclusion 62

Appendix: Top 240 Hymns 63

Bibliography 75

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