Grant Proposal to fund the Mississippi Breastfeeding Summit and share evidence-based breastfeeding information to improve knowledge and increase breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates in Mississippi Open Access

Jones, Chantelle (Summer 2019)

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Numerous studies have been conducted on the benefits of breastfeeding and concluded that breastfeeding is healthy for both the mother and baby. Breastfed babies are less likely to contract disease and have lower risks of chronic diseases like obesity when they grow up (AAP, 2012). For mothers, breastfeeding lowers risks of breast cancer, arthritis, and many other illnesses and diseases (Salone, et al., 2013).

Mississippi breastfeeding statistics are significantly worse than the average for the United States. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) breastfeeding scorecard provides data regarding the percentage of children breastfed by age in the United States (US). The 2018 report, which is based on data from 2015, indicates that 83.2% of infants born in 2015 in the US were breastfed from birth (CDC, 2018). Of these, 57.6% were breastfed for six months, and only 24.9% were exclusively breastfed for the first six months (CDC, 2018). In Mississippi, 63.2% of the babies were breastfed from birth, 35.4% were breastfed to the age of 6 months, and only 16.3% were breastfed exclusively. When compared to rates across the US, Mississippi by far has the lowest breastfeeding rates.

The objective of this grant proposal is to hold a planning and training conference that promotes breastfeeding in Mississippi. This will be achieved through sharing of evidence-based breastfeeding data, consultations, and talks by key stakeholders. The primary goal of the conference is to promote breastfeeding initiation and duration, highlight programs and strategies that will be useful in promoting breastfeeding, and help attendees with making a positive impact on breastfeeding culture in Mississippi.

The long-term objective of this proposal is to develop a Breastfeeding Empowerment Task Force with a sole focus on improving breastfeeding rates in Mississippi. The task force will work with local politicians and other stakeholders to ensure that there is a conducive environment and attitude in Mississippi for breastfeeding to thrive. The taskforce will help educate others on the importance of breastfeeding, best practices, and promoting breastfeeding to improve initiate and duration rates throughout Mississippi. It will also advocate for changes like breastfeeding breaks by employers and lactation rooms, and work towards ensuring that there is the provision of equipment such as pumps and facilities in public buildings and workplaces across the state.

Table of Contents

Chapter I - Introduction. 7

Problem Statement 9

Purpose statement 9

Proposed Conference Overview.. 9

Conference Objectives. 9

Significance Statement 10

Definition of terms. 11

Chapter II – Literature Review.. 12

Introduction. 13

Benefits of Breastfeeding. 13

Benefits for Babies. 13

Benefits for Mothers. 15

Factors that affect breastfeeding practices. 16

Socio-Demographic Factors. 16

Policy Level 18

Community Level 19

Interpersonal Level 20

Individual Level 20

Chapter III - Methodology. 22

Review of Federal Funding Agencies with breastfeeding. 23

NIH (National Institute of Health) 23

CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) 23

Grant Announcement 24

Grant review process. 25

Application process. 25

Chapter IV – Reviewer Comments. 31

Chapter V - Results. 42

References. 73

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