Les Archives Virtuelles du Genre [The Virtual Archives of Gender] Restricted; Files Only

Perrine Gaudry (Summer 2023)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/kk91fm985?locale=en


This dissertation explores the intersection of gender and photography in 19th-century France, shedding light on the significant role of gender/queer photography in constructing notions of gender and sexual minorities. My work also offers an original method that combines visual and conceptual thinking. Through the process of montage and demontage of images, ideas and texts, it dismantles prevailing images of gender and sexual identities, and reassembles them to present broader and more diverse representations. The project embraces an interdisciplinary approach, drawing from fields such as philosophy, psychoanalysis, queer studies, visual studies, and digital humanities. The inquiry encompasses several aspects: 1) a psychoanalytic and philosophical approach that reveals the psychological power of gender photographic representation, 2) a historical analysis that examines how medical photography constructed one of the prominent figures within minority sexual identities, the figure of the hermaphrodite, 3) a visual and philosophical analysis that shows how contemporary French queer photography reassigns 19th century medical photography meanings and creates new representations in powerful ways, 4) a visual component consisting of two parts. The first explores the notion of liminality through a photo-text, while the second involves the creation of an educational website on queer photography in France since the 19th century.

Table of Contents

Introduction Générale                                                                                                                                                                                        1

Chapitre I.1—Genre et Pouvoir Psychique de l’Image : Machine à Rêver et Machine Photographique                      15

Première partie—Place de l’étude du texte dans la thèse et place du texte dans l’œuvre du Freud (eu égard au dispositif photographique et au Freud « queer »)      15

Texte et Introduction au commentaire suivi du texte                                                                                                                       30

Deuxième Partie—Le train comme machine à rêver, et la machine photographique constituent des opérateurs du travail du rêve 34

Troisième partie—Rêve, train, mort, deuil et héritage                                                                                                                     51

Chapitre I.2—Genre et Pouvoir Psychique de l’Image : Non-Linéarité, Double, et Pulsion de Voir                                      67

Introduction                                                                                                                                                                                                          67

Première Partie—Avant/Après ?                                                                                                                                                                 67

Deuxième partie—Les plaques fêlées : drôle d’Œdipe—trauma, double, genre                                                                   77

Troisième Partie—La pulsion de voir                                                                                                                                                         90

Conclusion du Chapite "I.1- I.2 "                                                                                                                                                          111

Chapitre II—Généalogie de la photographie « scientifique » de la figure hermaphrodite                                             124

Introduction                                                                                                                                                                                                       124

Première Partie—Les Lumières et le fantasme du binarisme sexuel                                                                                        126

Deuxième Partie—Hermaphrodisme et la série de Nadar, Hermaphrodite                                                                          151

Troisième Partie—La pathologisation et son au-delà                                                                                                                      187

Conclusion du Chapitre II                                                                     199

Chapitre III—Réserve d’imaginaire, Espace Hétérotopique et Photographie Queer                                                          202

Première Partie—Nadar & SMITH : Photographie, Reserve d’Imaginaire et Hétérotopie                                              205

Deuxième Partie—Espace Hétérotopique et Photographie Queer chez Molinier                                                              226

Conclusion du Chapitre III                                                                                                                                                                            247

Chapitre IV—Genre, Visualisation et Montage                                                                                                                                   249

Première partie—le site pédagogique "Les Archives Virtuelles de la Photographie Queer du XIXe siècle en France » 249

Deuxième partie—Photo-texte - On Liminality                                                                                                                                  259

Conclusion Générale                                                                                                                                                                                       269

Bibliographie                                                                                                                                                                                                           275

About this Dissertation

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